The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its second evaluation report on Luxembourg as regards the implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. The report assesses developments since the publication of GRETA’s first evaluation report on Luxembourg in January 2014.
According to the report, progress has been made in a number of areas, such as the legal framework for combating human trafficking, training and awareness raising. GRETA also commends the formal setting up of an Inter-ministerial Committee tasked with co-ordinating anti-trafficking activities, as well as the designation of the Advisory Committee on Human Rights (CCDH) as independent National Rapporteur on trafficking in human beings.
Further, a roadmap was developed which clarifies the roles and responsibilities of state and non-state actors during detection, identification and referral to assistance of victims of trafficking.
GRETA also notes with satisfaction that, in line with the recommendations made in its first report, the legislative provisions on state compensation have been amended to enable access of trafficking victims who are third-country nationals.
However, there are certain areas which require improvement, according to the report. GRETA urges the Luxembourg authorities to take additional measures to ensure that all victims of trafficking in human beings are identified as such. This concerns in particular trafficking for the purposes of labour exploitation, forced begging and forced criminality. The authorities should also pay greater attention to detecting trafficking victims among asylum seekers and foreign workers.
Further, GRETA calls on the authorities to systematically refer all presumed and identified victims of trafficking to specialised assistance services, regardless of whether the victim co-operates with the police. As regards child victims of trafficking, the authorities are urged to establish a clear identification procedure involving child specialists, and to pay special attention to unaccompanied foreign children and children in street situations.
Moreover, GRETA stresses the importance of ensuring that all presumed foreign victims of trafficking are offered a recovery and reflection period, and that residence permits are issued without undue delays.