Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

Evaluation reports


GRETA publishes report on Armenia

Link to GRETA’s report

Strasbourg, 21 September 2012 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report on Armenia.[More…]



GRETA publishes report on Montenegro

Link to GRETA’s report

Strasbourg, 13 September 2012 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report on Montenegro.

In the report, GRETA welcomes the important steps taken by the Montenegrin authorities to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings, such as the signing of a Memorandum of Co-operation defining the responsibilities of each stakeholder for handling human trafficking cases. That said, GRETA stresses that all signatories of the Memorandum should effectively fulfil their responsibilities. Furthermore, co-ordination needs to be strengthened to ensure that civil society is involved in the planning and implementation of national anti-trafficking policy.

An important message from GRETA’s report is to improve the identification of victims of trafficking. Law enforcement officials, social workers, labour inspectors and other relevant actors should adopt a more proactive approach and increase their outreach work to identify potential victims of trafficking, including for labour exploitation. GRETA also urges the Montenegrin authorities to review the definition of “victim of trafficking”, which is too narrow as it is linked to the outcome of criminal proceedings. As a consequence, the number of formally identified victims of trafficking is low.

The report stresses that more needs to be done to make sure that the overall anti-trafficking approach is focused on the victims of trafficking and their human rights. A recovery and reflection period of at least 30 days should be specifically defined in law and victims should be systematically informed of the possibility to use such a period. Moreover, given that no victims of trafficking have received compensation from the perpetrators, the authorities should set up a State compensation scheme accessible to victims of trafficking.

As regards investigation and prosecution, GRETA urges the Montenegrin authorities to take measures to ensure that crimes related to human trafficking are investigated and prosecuted effectively, leading to proportionate and dissuasive sanctions.

Prior to drawing up its evaluation report, GRETA held consultations with the relevant authorities and non-governmental and international organisations active in the field of combating trafficking in human beings in Montenegro. A confidential first draft of the report was sent to the Montenegrin authorities and their comments were taken into account in the final evaluation report adopted by GRETA. This report is published together with the final comments of the Montenegrin authorities, as provided for by the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.

On the basis of GRETA’s report, the Committee of the Parties to the Convention will consider adopting recommendations addressed to the Government of Montenegro.

GRETA publishes report on the United Kingdom

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Strasbourg, 12.09.12 – The UK has taken a number of important steps in the fight against human trafficking, according to a report published today by the Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA). However, more needs to be done to ensure that the overall approach is focused on the victims of trafficking and their rights as human beings.

The report welcomes the fact that, despite difficult economic circumstances, government funding to support victims of human trafficking has been maintained at over £2.75 million per year across the UK. It also highlights numerous positive developments including the creation of the UK Human Trafficking Centre and a National Referral Mechanism for identifying and assisting victims, as well as the adoption of a four-year Strategy on Human Trafficking covering the period 2011-2015.

At the same time, the report calls on the UK authorities to further strengthen mechanisms for identifying victims and to make sure that people who have been trafficked are treated primarily as victims of serious human rights abuses. For example, it stresses that victims should have full access to support mechanisms, regardless of when the trafficking actually took place, and that they should not be prosecuted for offences committed as a result of their being trafficked.

GRETA President Nicolas Le Coz said: “The UK has clearly made significant progress in fighting human trafficking since the Council of Europe convention came into force, but there is still work to be done in a number of areas.

For example, it is important that decisions on immigration and asylum are clearly separated from procedures to identify victims of trafficking, which hasn’t always happened in the UK. Similarly, a clear legal and policy framework is needed for the return of victims of trafficking to their countries of origin, as existing voluntary return programmes may not always be appropriate.

Furthermore, significant numbers of children – including potential and confirmed victims of trafficking – currently go missing from local authority care in the UK. Steps should to be taken to address this, including by assigning a legal guardian to all unaccompanied children who are potentially victims of trafficking. Otherwise there is a risk that some child victims will simply end up back in the hands of the traffickers.

Finally, the level of prosecutions and convictions for trafficking-related offences in the UK is low.”

GRETA publishes report on Romania

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Strasbourg, 31 May 2012 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report on Romania.

In the report, GRETA welcomes the steps taken by the Romanian authorities to combat trafficking in human beings, including through the adoption of anti-trafficking legislation, the setting up of the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons, and the introduction of a national identification and referral mechanism for victims of trafficking.

However, GRETA considers that the Romanian authorities should reinforce co-ordination and co-operation between all anti-trafficking actors. In the area of prevention, GRETA stresses the need for further measures aimed at tackling the root causes of trafficking, especially through fostering access to education and jobs for vulnerable groups.

Further, GRETA considers that all relevant professionals, including border police staff, should be provided with training in order to improve the identification of victims of trafficking, both Romanian and foreign nationals. GRETA also urges the Romanian authorities to ensure that all assistance measures provided for in law are guaranteed in practice, regardless of the victims’ willingness to co-operate with law enforcement agencies, and to facilitate the reintegration of trafficking victims into society. Moreover, GRETA stresses the importance of ensuring effective access to compensation and legal redress for victims of trafficking.

As regards investigation and prosecution, while noting some positive results, GRETA urges the Romanian authorities to step up proactive investigations into trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitations and to investigate any report of alleged involvement of public officials in offences related to human trafficking.

Prior to drawing up its evaluation report, GRETA held consultations with the relevant authorities and non-governmental and international organisations active in the field of combating trafficking in human beings in Romania. A confidential first draft of the report was sent to the Romanian authorities and their comments were taken into account in the final evaluation report adopted by GRETA. This report is published together with the final comments of the Romanian authorities, as provided for by the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.

On the basis of GRETA’s report, the Committee of the Parties to the Convention will consider adopting recommendations addressed to the Government of Romania.

GRETA publishes report on the Republic of Moldova

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Strasbourg, 22 February 2012 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report on the Republic of Moldova.

In the report, GRETA notes the steps taken by the Moldovan authorities to combat trafficking in human beings, through the adoption of specific anti-trafficking legislation and putting into place a National Referral System for Assistance and Protection of Victims and Potential Victims of Trafficking.[more…]

   

GRETA publishes report on Georgia

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Strasbourg, 7 February 2012 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report on Georgia.

In the report, GRETA notes the progress made by the Georgian authorities in combating trafficking in human beings, including through the adoption of a specific anti-trafficking law, the setting up of the Interagency Co-ordination Council against trafficking in human beings and a State Fund for the protection and assistance of victims of trafficking, as well as increasing the budgetary allocation for victim support. [more…]

GRETA publishes report on Denmark
 

Link to GRETA's report


 
Strasbourg, 20 December 2011 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report on Denmark.
 
 In its report, GRETA notes the important steps taken by the Danish authorities to combat trafficking in human beings, including the setting up of the Danish Centre against Human Trafficking, the establishment of an Inter-Ministerial Working Group on Human Trafficking, and the adoption of multiannual national anti-trafficking action plans, the latest covering the period 2011-2014. [more…]

GRETA publishes report on Bulgaria
 

Link to GRETA's report


 
Strasbourg, 14 December 2011 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report on Bulgaria.
 
 In its report, GRETA welcomes the important steps taken by the Bulgarian authorities to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings. These measures have included the adoption of a specific law to address human trafficking, increased penalties for trafficking offenses, and criminalisation of the use of services of victims of trafficking. Co-ordination of the efforts of relevant actors is ensured through the National Commission for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, seven local commissions, and a national mechanism for referral and support of trafficked persons.

GRETA publishes report on Albania
 
Link to GRETA's report


 
Strasbourg, 2 December 2011 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report on Albania.
 
 In its report, GRETA notes the significant measures taken by the Albanian authorities to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings. These measures have included the setting up the Office of the National Co-ordinator for the fight against trafficking and the establishment of a national referral mechanism for the identification of and assistance to victims of trafficking.
 

GRETA publishes report on Croatia

Link to GRETA's report


Strasbourg, 30.11.2011 - Today the Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published its first evaluation report on Croatia.
 
 In its report, GRETA welcomes the measures taken by the Croatian authorities to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings. These measures have included the appointment of a National Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and the establishment of a National Committee for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, which brings together all relevant actors, including non-governmental organisations. Furthermore, multi-disciplinary mobile teams have been set up to assist victims of trafficking as well as to participate in their identification.

GRETA publishes report on the Slovak Republic

 Link to GRETA's report
 

Strasbourg, 19.09.2011 - Today the Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published its first evaluation report on the Slovak Republic.
 
 In its report, GRETA notes the efforts of the Slovak authorities to combat trafficking in human beings. In particular, GRETA welcomes the creation of Expert Group for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, a multidisciplinary entity composed of relevant public bodies and non-governmental organisations and the adoption and implementation of multiannual National Action Plans. However, GRETA considers that the Slovak authorities should strengthen the institutional framework for action against trafficking in order to achieve a more active and effective involvement of all governmental bodies with responsibilities relevant to prevention of trafficking in human beings and protecting the rights of victims.
 

GRETA publishes report on Austria

Link to GRETA's report


Strasbourg, 15.09.2011 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report on Austria.

In its report, GRETA notes the significant measures taken by the Austrian authorities to combat trafficking in human beings. These measures have included the setting up of a co-ordinating body to combat trafficking in human beings and efforts to raise public awareness and train professionals. Moreover, special procedures to prevent trafficking for the purpose of domestic servitude in diplomatic households have been introduced.

However, GRETA considers that the Austrian authorities should pay more attention to certain categories of victims of trafficking. Irregular migrants are a group vulnerable to trafficking and therefore GRETA asks the authorities to enforce an effective identification system and to ensure that potential victims of trafficking amongst foreign nationals detained by the police benefit from assistance and protection.

GRETA publishes report on Cyprus

 
Link to GRETA's report


 Strasbourg, 12.09.2011 - The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published today its first evaluation report, concerning Cyprus.
 
 In its report, GRETA takes stock of the measures taken by Cyprus to implement the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings and makes proposals concerning the way in which the Cypriot authorities may deal with the problems identified. The adoption of a comprehensive anti-trafficking law and the abolition of the so-called “artiste visas”, which favoured trafficking of women for the purpose of sexual exploitation, are amongst the important steps taken by the Cypriot authorities to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings. However, there has not been a single conviction for the criminal offence of trafficking in human beings and no victims have received compensation. In its report, GRETA stresses the need to take specific measures to discourage demand for the services of trafficked persons, to provide adequate assistance to all victims of trafficking and to address the lack of convictions for the crime of trafficking in human beings.