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Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)

The rule of law is one of the main values upheld by the Council of Europe and the judiciary is its cornerstone. It was to strengthen the role of judges in Europe that the Committee of Ministers set up the Consultative Council of European Judges.

The Consultative Council of European Judges is an advisory body of the Council of Europe on issues related to the independence, impartiality and competence of judges. It is the first body within an international organisation to be composed exclusively of judges, and in this respect, it is unique in Europe.

By establishing the Consultative Council of European Judges, the Council of Europe highlighted the key role of the judiciary in exploring the concept of democracy and the rules by which it operates.

The CCJE adopts Opinions for the attention of the Committee of Ministers on issues regarding the status of judges and the exercise of their functions.

The CCJE may be requested by member States to look into specific problems concerning the status and/or the situation of judges. It addresses topical issues and, if necessary, visits the countries concerned to discuss the ways of improving the existing situation through developing legislation, institutional framework and/or judicial practice.


News... (05/02/2016)


Publication in Croatia of a collection of texts on “The position of the judiciary and its relation with the other powers of state in a modern democracy”

The Association of Croatian Judges and the Croatian Judicial Academy have jointly prepared a publication setting the context of Opinion No. 18 of the CCJE on “the position of the judiciary and its relation with the other powers of state in a modern democracy”, and the “Brioni Declaration”, common declaration of the Presidents of Supreme courts of Central and Eastern Europe. This publication has been distributed to each member of the Croatian Parliament and the Government. The publication is available in Croatian and in English.
Publication


Interview of the new President of the CCJE

Mr Niels Engstad (Norway) has been elected new President of the CCJE as from 1st January 2016. Mr Engstad has accepted to reply to some questions in order to present the priorities of the CCJE for 2016 and 2017.


Interview

 


Nils Engstad (Norway), new President of the CCJE

The Consultative Council of European Judges, which met on 14-16 October in London in the framework of the 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta, elected its new Bureau:
Mr Nils Engstad (Norway), President
Mr Duro Sessa (Croatia), Vice-President
Ms Nina Betetto (Slovenia), member
Mr Jean-Claude Wiwinius (Luxembourg), member.


800th anniversary of the Magna Carta and 16th plenary meeting of the CCJE

In the context of the celebrations of the 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta, the judicial authorities of the United Kingdom have invited the CCJE to hold its 16th plenary meeting in London, from 14 to 16 October 2015. During the meeting, the CCJE members adopted the Opinion No. 18 on “The position of the judiciary and its relations with other powers of the state in a modern democracy”. The report on the “Situation of the judiciary and of judges in the Member States of the Council of Europe” has also been updated. Furthermore, the CCJE had a joint meeting with the Consultative Council of European Prosecutors (CCPE) of the Task force commissioned by the two bodies to draw up a list of the main challenges for the impartiality and the independence of the judicial system in the Member States, in accordance with the mission which has been entrusted to them by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe in his report on the “State of Democracy, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Europe”.
Report of the plenary meeting

Opinion n°18 (2015) on the position of the judiciary and its relation with the other powers of state in a modern democracy

CCJE Situation report on the judiciary and judges in the Council of Europe member States
Updated version n° 2 (2015) adopted during the 16th plenary meeting of the CCJE (London, 14-16 October 2015)
with its Annex

Brief report on the external activities of the CCJE – participation in various fora, conferences, seminars, workshops and projects, as well as responses to requests for assistance for the period of November 2014 – October 2015

Speech by Lord Neuberger, President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom


Signature of the inter-professional Charter of Romanian judges, prosecutors and counsels

Further to the Conference held on 23 September 2015 in Bucharest on the dialog between judges, lawyers and prosecutors with regards to the Opinions No. 12 and 16 of the CCJE, the President of the Higher Council of Magistrates, Mr Marius Tudose; the President of the National Union of Romanian Bar Associations, Mr Gheorghe Florea and the representative for Romania at the CCJE and Judge of Penal Section of the Supreme Court of Romania, Ms Rodica Aida Popa, signed the inter-professional Charter of Romanian judges, prosecutors and counsels.
Inter-professional Charter of Romanian judges, prosecutors and counsels

Interview - Nina Betteto, Judge, Vice-President of the Supreme Court of Slovenia, CCJE Bureau member

More information


Publication of an overview of the CCJE Opinions

The main objective of the CCJE Opinions is to provide a framework, developed by judges themselves, of the expected characteristics of a judicial system in order to meet the requirements of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (the Convention), both in terms of the status of judges and the functioning of courts. Mr Alain Lacabarats, President of the Chamber of the Cassation Court of France, current member of the CCJE in respect of France and former President of the CCJE, has prepared an overview of the CCJE Opinions.
Overview of the CCJE Opinions


Publication of a book on Opinion N. 16 of the CCJE on the relations between judges and lawyers in Romanian

Dr Rodica Aida Popa, CCJE member for Romania, hast just published a book containing the contributions of judges and lawyers relative to Opinion No. 16 of the CCJE on the relations between judges and lawyers This book will be presented on the occasion of the Conference on the dialog between judges, lawyers and prosecutors which will take place in Bucharest (Romania) on 23 September 2015.


More information about this publication

 


The Bureau of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE) makes public its position on the suspension and arrest of judges in Turkey

Link to the document

Opinions of the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors of Turkey


Justice reform in Albania: reviewing the evaluation of the professional performance of judges

The Council of Ministers of Albania has reviewed and approved the draft law "On the system of evaluation of judges' performance in the Republic of Albania” prepared by the Minister of Justice with the support of the Joint Programme entitled "Increase the efficiency of the Albanian justice system, in line with European standards" (SEJ), financed by the European Union and implemented by the Council of Europe. This draft law will now be discussed in Parliament during the meeting of the Commission on Justice Reform. It aims inter alia to review the process of the evaluation of the professional performance of judges and reflects recommendations in line with CCJE Opinion No. 17 on the evaluation of judges’ work, the quality of justice and respect for judicial independence. The report, drawn up by Dr Anne Sanders (Germany), and entitled: “An analysis of the current system in Albania in the light of international standards and evaluation systems in other Council of Europe member States”, is now available.
An analysis of the current system in Albania in the light of international standards and evaluation systems in other Council of Europe member States, by Dr Anne Sanders [in English / in Albanian]


 

 
 
 
 
 
 

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The press


Other events


6th annual Geneva Forum of Judges & Lawyers
14 and 15 December 2015
Geneva, Switzerland

3rd meeting of the project on prison overcrowding
26 & 27 October 2015
Paris, France

Roundtable-discussion on the CCJE Opinions
28 September
Tbilisi, Georgia

Legal debates under professional portal juridice.ro: "Are women equal to men?"
7 September 2015
Bucharest


The conferences


Conference on the dialog between judges, lawyers ad prosecutors with regard to Opinions No. 12 and 16 of the CCJE as well as on ethical and deontological issues
23 September 2015

Bucharest (Romania)

Conference of the Presidents of the Courts of Appeal of the European Union

16-18 September 2015

Turku (Finland)

"Opening conference of the process for regional dialogue on judicial reform in the eastern partnership countries"
10 September

Strasbourg (France)

Conference on securing the independence and effectiveness of the judiciary: European initiatives and perspectives

17 June 2015

Geneva (Switzerland)

 



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