Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)

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Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)

The rule of law is one of the main values upheld by the Council of Europe and the judiciary is its cornerstone. It was to strengthen the role of judges in Europe that the Committee of Ministers set up the Consultative Council of European Judges.

The Consultative Council of European Judges is an advisory body of the Council of Europe on issues related to the independence, impartiality and competence of judges. It is the first body within an international organisation to be composed exclusively of judges, and in this respect, it is unique in Europe.

By establishing the Consultative Council of European Judges, the Council of Europe highlighted the key role of the judiciary in exploring the concept of democracy and the rules by which it operates.

The CCJE adopts Opinions for the attention of the Committee of Ministers on issues regarding the status of judges and the exercise of their functions.

The CCJE may be requested by member States to look into specific problems concerning the status and/or the situation of judges. It addresses topical issues and, if necessary, visits the countries concerned to discuss the ways of improving the existing situation through developing legislation, institutional framework and/or judicial practice.

News... (03/01/2017)

The role of court presidents


Strasbourg, 10 November 2016 - The Council of Europe’s Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE) adopted its Opinion No. 19 (2016) on the role of court presidents.

In this Opinion, the CCJE clarifies the role of court presidents concerning the representation of the court, relations within the court with other judges, and presidents’ management functions as regards court staff and infrastructure. The key tasks of court presidents are to represent the court and other judges, to ensure the effective functioning of the court, improving the service the court renders to society, and to preside over the judicial work of the court.

The Opinion emphasises that, in the performance of their duties, court presidents protect the independence and impartiality of courts and of individual judges, and they should act at every moment as a guardian of these values and principles. Relations between court presidents and other state bodies are particularly sensitive. Irrespective of the particular model of such relations, court presidents play an important role in the prevention of any interference in courts’ activities.

As regards relations with the media, court presidents should keep in mind the interest of society in being informed, while taking due account of the presumption of innocence, the right to a fair trial and the right to respect for private and family life of all persons concerned in the proceedings, as well as of the protection of the confidentiality of proceedings.

The Opinion also sets out the principles relating to the qualifications required to become a court president, the body responsible for his/her selection, the evaluation of his/her work and the term of office. A chapter of the Opinion is specifically dedicated to the role of presidents of Supreme Courts.

Opinion No. 19 on the role of court presidents

At its last plenary meeting, the CCJE adopted the following statement regarding the situation of justice in Turkey

Link to the statement

Following the request of the Polish Judges’ Association “IUSTITIA” on behalf of the Polish associations of judges, the CCJE Bureau has elaborated its comments on the appointment of judges in Poland

Comments by the CCJE Bureau

Joint mission to Rabat of the CEPEJ,the CCJE, the CCPE and the Venice Commission

A team of CEPEJ, CCPE, CCJE and Venice Commission experts will visit Rabat from 27 to 29 September 2016 to meet the authorities of the Ministry of Justice and Freedom for a benchmarking exercise in the field of the Council of Justice and the status of judicial professionals.

The President of the CCJE at the extraordinary congress of Polish judges

An extraordinary congress of Polish judges was held in Warsaw on 3 September. Judicial appointment procedure and the situation related to the Polish Constitutional Court were discussed in particular. Mr Nils Engstad attended the congress in his capacity as President of the CCJE.

Intervention by Nils Engstad, President of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)

Resolutions Nos 1 to 3 of the Extraordinary Congress of the Polish Judges

Following the events that have taken place in Turkey in the recent days, the Bureau of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE) expresses its position on the situation of judges

Statement from the Bureau of the CCJE

Focus on Opinion No. 18 of the CCJE at the roundtable « The dialogue of the judicial authority of Romania with the other state authorities with a purpose of consolidation the rule of law. Realities and Perspectives”

On the occasion of the roundtable “The dialogue of the judicial authority of Romania with the other state authorities with a purpose of consolidation the rule of law. Realities and Perspectives” which was held in Bucharest on 10 June 2016, Ms Aida Popa, member of the CCJE for Romania, presented Opinion No. 18 of the CCJE on the position of the judiciary and its relation with the other powers of state in a modern democracy. The Opinion as well as the contribution of the speakers of the roundtable will be distributed to all jurisdictions, to representatives of the Constitutional Court of Romania, to the members of Parliament and to all representatives of the Ministry of Justice.
More information

Warsaw Declaration on the future of justice in Europe

The President of the CCJE, Mr Nils Engstad, attended the General Assembly of the European Network of Councils for the Judiciary (ENCJ) in Warsaw (Poland), from 1 to 3 June 2016. During this meeting, the ENCJ, which is an observer to the CCJE, adopted the Warsaw declaration on the future of justice in Europe.
Warsaw Declaration on the future of justice in Europe




 2017 Calendar

2016-2017 Terms of reference

Action plan



All articles, releases, conferences, round tables...


The press

Other events

The Role of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE) in consolidating European justice. Are we entitled to say that there is or not a profile of the European judge?”
7 October 2016
National Institute of Magistrates, Bucharest, Romania

Extraordinary Congress of Polish Judges
3 September 2016
Warsaw (Poland)
Opening of the Legal Year, Judiciary in England and Wales
3 October 2016,
London (United Kingdom)
Day for judges of the "Association suisse des magistrats de l'ordre judiciaire"
18 November 2016
Luzern (Switzerland)

The conferences

Conference on the dialog between judges, lawyers ad prosecutors with regard to Opinions No. 12 and 16 of the CCJE as well as on ethical and deontological issues
23 September 2015

Bucharest (Romania)



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