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The justice, evaluation and independence (Opinion No. 17)


The Committee of Ministers has entrusted the CCJE for 2014, having regard to Recommendation Rec(2010)12 on judges: independence, efficiency and responsibilities, with the preparation and adoption, in 2014, of an opinion for the attention of the Committee of Ministers on issues regarding the status of judges and the exercise of their functions. The draft opinion on the justice, evaluation and independence will be submitted for adoption at the 15th plenary meeting of the CCJE, from 22 to 24 October 2014 in Istambul (Turkey).

Working party

The working party in charge of drafting the opinion will held 2 meetings in Strasbourg, from 17 to 19 March 2014 in Strasbourg and from 23 to 26 June 2014 in Berlin (Germany).


Agenda of the Working group meeting from 17 to 19 March 2014 in Strasbourg


The composition of the Working group is as follows:


Mr Orlando AFONSO (Portugal)
Mr José Francisco COBO SŔENZ (Spain)
Mr Nils ENGSTAD (Norway)
Ms Aida-Rodica POPA (Romania)
Mr Gerhard REISSNER (Austria)
Mr Raffaele SABATO (Italy)
Mr Duro SESSA (Croatia)
Mr Jean-Claude WIWINIUS (Luxembourg)
Mr Osman Nesuh YILDIZ (Turkey)



Mr Alain LACABARATS (France)
Ms Katarzyna GONERA (Poland)


Useful documents

Questionnaire for the preparation of the CCJE Opinion No. 17 (2014) on justice, evaluation and independence

Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)12 on judges: independence, efficiency and responsibilities

Replies by country

Compilation des réponses par pays
Albania Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Monaco and Appendix
Austria and Appendix  Finland  Netherlands
Bosnia-Herzegovina  France and Appendix Poland 
Belgium  Georgia  Republic of Moldova 
Bulgaria and Appendix Germany and Appendix Romania  
Croatia Greece  United Kingdom
Cyprus  Hungary  Slovakia
Czech Republic Iceland  Slovenia
Denmark  Italy and Appendices 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 Sweden 
Estonia Luxemburg Turkey 


The justice, evaluation and independence

The relationship between judges and lawyers

The specialisation of judges

Justice and information technologies

Magna Charta of European Judges

Principles of public prosecution as regards juvenile justice

Relations between judges and prosecutors

Quality of judicial decisions

The councils for the judiciary

International context and terrorism

Justice and society

Fair trial

Training for judges

Ethics of judges

Independence of judges and funding of courts