Council of Europe Office in Georgia
26, Kakabadzeebi Brothers street, 0108 Tbilisi, Georgia
Council of Europe anti-corruption body calls on states to increase transparency of political funding
09.05.2012 – The Council of Europe Group of States against Corruption (GRECO)
today called on its member states to set up transparent systems for party and
election campaign financing. In its
annual report, GRECO, while acknowledging an increase in regulatory efforts
by states, pointed to a number of shortcomings:
· The transparency of some sources of income of parties, such as donations in kind, party membership fees, loans or sponsorship are often neglected
by the legislation
· Anonymous donations are still possible in some countries
· Legislation in many countries does not include local party bodies and other entities involved in election campaigns
· Financial information is often not published in an easily accessible and timely way
· A large number of states fail to have a truly independent supervisory body and in some states such a body does not exist or has limited functions
· Sanctions are often weak, not flexible enough, limited in scope or not applied.
With regard to bribery and trading in influence offences, GRECO finds a high degree of compliance with the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption. It stresses however that some states need to replace fragmented laws with comprehensive anti-corruption legislation.
Private sector bribery is a form of corruption that is not yet criminalised in some countries. Where it is criminalised, the sanctions are often weak. Many countries tend to treat some types of corruption more seriously than others. For example, the sanction for passive bribery in the public sector is often more severe than for the active side of the offence. In several states prosecutions in respect of corruption offences are rare.
GRECO president Marin Mrčela said “in general states are taking important steps to fight corruption and increase the transparency of political funding, but many improvements are needed. Governments must commit both political will and adequate resources, so corruption can be prevented and fought effectively”.
In 2012 GRECO has started examining a new field: corruption prevention in respect of members of parliament, judges and prosecutors. Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Poland, Slovenia and the United Kingdom are the first countries under evaluation.
GRECO was established in 1999 by the Council of Europe to monitor states’ compliance with the organisation’s anti-corruption standards. Currently it comprises 48 European states and the United States of America.
|A political organisation set up in 1949, the Council of Europe works to promote democracy and human rights continent-wide. It also develops common responses to social, cultural and legal challenges in its 47 member states.|