An international organisation in Strasbourg which comprises 46 democratic
countries of Europe.
Regular meeting (at least twice a year) of the heads
of state or government from the 25 member states of the European Union
for the purpose of planning Union policy.
The deliberative body of the Council of Europe, composed of 315 representatives
(and the same number of substitutes) appointed by the member states'
The parliamentary body of the European Union which
comprises 732 members from the 25 European Union countries, elected
by universal suffrage.
European Commission of Human Rights
The Commission ceased to operate in November 1998 with the creation
of the single European Court of Human Rights. Before then, it examined
the admissibility of all individual or state applications against a
member state in accordance with the European Convention on Human Rights.
The executive organ of the European Union based in Brussels which
monitors the proper application of the Union treaties and the decisions
of the Union institutions.
European Court of Human Rights
Court of Justice
of the European Communities
Based in Strasbourg, this is the only truly judicial organ established
by the European Convention on Human Rights. It is composed of 46 judges"
and ensures, in the last instance, that contracting states observe their
obligations under the Convention. Since November 1998, the Court has
operated on a full-time basis.
Meets in Luxembourg and ensures compliance with the
law in the interpretation and application of the European Union treaties.
Court of Justice
Judicial body of the United Nations which meets in The Hague.
A political organisation set up in 1949, the Council of Europe works to promote democracy and human rights continent-wide. It also develops common responses to social, cultural and legal challenges in its 47 member states.