At the request of the National Anti-Corruption Agency of Italy (Autorità Nazionale Anti-Corruzione), this study provides information on GRECO’s findings and recommendations relating to the development of codes of conduct for public officials (including, in some cases, elected and/or appointed officials). Starting from the provisions of Committee of Ministers’ Recommendation No. R (2000) 10 on codes of conduct for public officials, including a Model code of conduct for public officials and its Explanatory Memorandum, the study reflects GRECO’s findings and recommendations during its evaluation rounds, with particular references to the codes of conduct for public officials (GRECO’s Second Evaluation Round) and, to a lesser extent, elected and/or appointed officials (GRECO’s Fourth Evaluation Round as regards Members of Parliament and Fifth Evaluation Round as regards central governments, including top executive functions). Read more...
The information and opinions presented in the present report are entirely those of the author alone and no endorsement by the GRECO, its Secretariat or any member of the Council of Europe or one of its bodies is expressed or implied.
Adopted by GRECO 79 (Strasbourg, on 19-23 March 2018)
It deals with Anti-corruption trends, challenges and good practices in Europe and the United States of America.
It includes a feature article: "Journalists are defenceless while corruption is armed" by Matthew, Andrew and Paul Caruana Galizia.
Summary Analysis of Selected Private Sector Bribery Cases, by Sophie Meudal-Leenders (GRECO Secretariat) Mari-Liis Sööt (Head of the Estonian Delegation in GRECO)
Report on Trends and Conclusions of Fourth Evaluation Round in the field of Corruption Prevention of MPs, Judges and Prosecutors
On the occasion of the 20th Anniversary of the 20 Guiding Principles for the Fight against Corruption, GRECO has published this study on “Corruption Prevention of Members of Parliament, Judges and Prosecutors (Fourth Evaluation Round) – Conclusions and Trends”.
The Report was officially presented at a Conference on “Lessons learned from GRECO’s Fourth Evaluation Round” (under the motto Go for Zero Corruption”), which was held in Prague on 9-10 November 2017.
The Group of States against Corruption of the Council of Europe (GRECO) has called on European governments, parliaments and judicial governing bodies to step up their efforts to create more effective preventive mechanisms against corruption.
In its current annual report, GRECO provides a review of its 49 member states action against corruption in 2016, and points out that countries too often over-rely on the repressive aspects of fighting corruption and underestimate the effectiveness of preventive mechanisms, which often do not exist or are too weak.
Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland said: “Corruption is a major source of dissatisfaction and loss of trust in politics and democratic institutions. It is crucial that states have the right legislation and resources not only to investigate and punish corruption offences, but also to prevent them. There can be no tolerance for corruption, wherever it occurs.”
Adopted by GRECO 71
Strasbourg, 14-18 March 2016
This report records the principal elements of our work at the end of a very demanding year. The need to reassure the citizens of our member States and build up – sometimes even recast – confidence in national institutions, systems and decision makers has seemed particularly pressing in recent times.
Marin MRČELA, Justice at the Supreme Court of Croatia, President of GRECO
As a first proposition GRECO Round III evaluation reports disclose a generally good standard of compliance with the obligations laid down in ETS No. 173 and No. 191. The GRECO evaluation teams (“GET”) discovered a very high degree of conformity with those obligations in the laws of Hungary, Malta, and Norway, for example. The reports do not pass judgment on the choice of model of criminal law unless it has a direct impact on the suitability of the law to equip the authorities to tackle corruption.
By 1 November 2011, in its third evaluation round focusing on the transparency of political party funding, the Group of States against Corruption, established by the Council of Europe, had examined the legislation of 39 of the Group’s 49 member states. The data collected by the GRECO evaluation teams (GET), which had hitherto been the preserve of academics, are first of all a unique source of information on what is a fairly recent body of regulations in the history of European democracies.
On 1 January 2012, the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO), an enlarged agreement within the Council of Europe, will officially enter into its Fourth Round of mutual evaluations. The three evaluation rounds conducted between 2000 and 2011 assessed GRECO member States’ compliance with selected provisions from key Council of Europe legal texts, namely Resolution (97) 24 of the Committee of Ministers on the Twenty Guiding Principles for the fight against corruption, the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 173), and Recommendation Rec(2003)4 of the Committee of Ministers on common rules against corruption in the funding of political parties and electoral campaigns.