Guaranteeing Equal Access of Women to Justice
Persisting inequalities between women and men, gender bias and stereotypes also result in unequal access of women and men to justice.
A study into women's access to the European Court of Human Rights drew attentation to the low number of applications filed by women, pointing out that this possibly reflects obstacles experienced by women at national level. Reasons advanced include lack of awareness, confidence and resources, gender bias and cultural, social and economic barriers. These barriers are particularly important in the case of women victims of violence or in situations of vulnerability, such as women victims of various forms of discrimination.
The Council of Europe implemented two specific projects on “Improving Women’s Access to Justice in Six Eastern Partnership Countries” (2015-2017) and "Strengthening access to justice for women victims of violence" (2018) in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. Currently, the Council of Europe continues its work on guaranteing equal access to justice by implementing a new Eastern Partnership countries project "Women's access to justice: delivering on the Istanbul Convention and other European gender equality standards" (2019-2021).
Council of Europe Documents and Tools
Abridged Report of the Conference "Towards Guaranteeing Equal Access of Women to Justice", Bern, 15-16 October 2015
Feasability Study on Equal Access of Women to Justice
Guidance Note - Framework for measuring access to justice including specific challenges facing women - UN Women - Council of Europe (2016)
Progress of the World’s Women: In Pursuit of Justice, UN Women (2011-2012).
Ten proven approaches to make justice systems work for women in the pursuit of Justice - UN Women (2011-2012)
Human rights, rights of women - Female applicants to the European Court of Human Rights - Article by F. Tulkens, former Judge and Vice-President at the European Court of Human Rights Rights (2007)
- Regional Confeence of the PGG Project "Strengthening Access to Justice for Women Victims of Violence in the Six Eastern Parthership Countries
STRASBOURG, 18-19 October 2018
- Regional conference Strengthening Judicial Capacity to Improve Women’s Access to Justice -
Chisinau, Republic of Moldova, 24-25 October 2016
- "Conference “Towards guaranteeing equal access of women to justice”
Bern, Switzerland, 15-16 October 2015
- "Tackling the gaps in research and the lack of data disaggregated by sex concerning women’s equal access to justice"
Paris, 26-27 June 2014
- "Access to Justice for Women Victims of Violence"
Paris, 9 December 2013