Republic of Moldova and the Council of Europe
The Council of Europe strives to assist the Republic of Moldova in meeting the Organisation’s standards on democracy, human rights and the rule of law, through a range of mechanisms which monitor Republic of Moldova's progress in these areas.
Moldova became a member of the Council of Europe on 13 July 1995. The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova ratified the European Convention on Human Rights on 24 July 1997. The Information Office of the Council of Europe was set up in Chisinau on 30 June 1997, at the request of the government of the Republic of Moldova. On 20 October 2002 the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe agreed to the proposal of the Secretary General to appoint a Special Representative of the Secretary General in Chisinau. The exchange of letters between Secretary General and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Moldova on 30 October and 4 November 2002 has resulted in a Memorandum of Understanding on the status of the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
Prevention of torture
The European Committee for the prevention of torture visits places of detention (for juvenile or immigration detainees, police stations, psychiatric hospitals) in order to assess how persons deprived of their liberty are treated.
Fight against racism
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) is an independent monitoring body which provides member States with concrete and practical advice on how to tackle problems of racism and intolerance in their country.
Protection of social rights
The European Social Charter is a Council of Europe treaty which guarantees social and economic human rights. It was adopted in 1961 and revised in 1996. The European Committee of Social Rights rules on the conformity of the situation in States with the European Social Charter, the 1988 Additional Protocol and the Revised European Social Charter.
Protection of minorities
The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities provides for a monitoring system to evaluate how the treaty is implemented in State Parties. An advisory Committee adopts recommendations to improve minority protection.
Fight against corruption
The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) monitors member states' compliance with the Council of Europe anti-corruption standards with the objective to improve the capacity of its members to fight corruption.
Fight against money laundering
MONEYVAL Committee of experts
The committee evaluates the effectiveness of domestic measures to counter money laundering and the financing of terrorism in Council of Europe member states which are not members of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). Council of Europe member states which are members of MONEYVAL but subsequently become members of the FATF can elect to retain full membership of MONEYVAL. Applicant states for membership and other non-member states which are not members of the FATF may apply to join the terms of reference under certain conditions.
The Conference of the Parties under the Council of Europe Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime and on the Financing of Terrorism (CETS No. 198) monitors the proper implementation of the Convention by the Parties.
Democracy through Law
The European Commission for Democracy through Law - the Venice Commission - is an advisory body on constitutional matters which plays a leading role in the adoption of constitutions that conform to the standards of Europe's constitutional heritage
Fight against trafficking in human beings
The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) is responsible for monitoring implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the Parties. It regularly publishes evaluation reports.
European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ)
The aim of the CEPEJ is the improvement of the efficiency and functioning of justice in the member States.
Consultative Council of European Prosecutors (CCPE)
This consultative body to the Committee of Ministers prepares opinions, promotes the implementation of Rec(2000)19 and collects information about the functioning of prosecution services in Europe.
- Nicu Popescu, Minister for Foreign Affairs
- Daniela Cujba, Ambassador, Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe since January 2022
The Republic of Moldova is represented in the Congress by a delegation of 5 representatives and 5 substitutes.
- Judge to the European Court of Human Rights: Diana Scobioală.
- Applications allocated to a decision body(*) in 2017: 650
- Judgments in 2017: 16, of which 12 found at least one violation of the European Convention of Human Rights.
(*) Do not include applications which are at the pre-judicial stage (incomplete case file)