Justice of the future : predictive justice and artificial intelligence
The CEPEJ and the Courts Administration of the Latvia organise a conference on "Artificial Intelligence at the Service of the Judiciary" in Riga (Latvia), on 27 September 2018. This conference has been opened by the Minister of Justice of Latvia and the President of the CEPEJ, and brought together representatives of the academic world, justice professionals, judicial institutions from different European countries to explore how artificial intelligence can be used to support the work of legal professionals and courts and ensure a better quality of justice, while respecting fundamental principles. It highlighted the values that should guide the application of artificial intelligence in judicial systems. The debates fed into the work and studies currently being carried out by the CEPEJ in the field of artificial intelligence, including in particular the European Ethical Charter on the use of artificial intelligence in judicial systems, which has been adopted at the plenary meeting of the CEPEJ on 3th December 2018. It has been broadcasted live on the CEPEJ website and on social networks.
During the plenary meeting in June 2019, the CEPEJ adopted, as a follow-up to the Guidelines on how to drive change towards cyberjustice, a Toolkit for the implementation of the Guidelines on Cyberjustice
The CEPEJ has just published its 16th Newsletter dedicated to the theme of: "Predictive justice and artificial intelligence (AI)”. Artificial intelligence in the field of justice is central to debates in all Council of Europe member States. The newsletter provides an overview of some of AI's applications in the justice field and describes some of the challenges and issues facing public policy makers. The newsletter also describes the work in progress within the CEPEJ, both in the fields of judicial timeframes, quality of justice, mediation, evaluation of judicial systems and cooperation.
CEPEJ organised a Study Session on "Artificial Intelligence and Judicial Systems" on 27 June 2018 from 9.30 am to 12.30 pm. The movie of the study session will soon be published on the CEPEJ website.
AI to serve the efficiency and the quality of justice
Giuseppe CONTISSA, Professor in Legal Informatics at LUISS University, Rome (Italy)
What is AI?
Jean LASSÈGUE, Philosopher and epistemologist, National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) research fellow and associate searcher at Advanced study institute on justice (IHEJ) (France)
AI and criminal justice
Aleš ZAVRŠNIK, Senior research fellow at the Institute of Criminology, associate professor at the Faculty of Law in Ljubljana University (Slovenia) and EURIAS Research Fellow 2017-18 at the Collegium Helveticum in Zürich
What role for AI in a judge's decision-making process ?
Dory REILING, Honorary senior judge, independent information technology and judicial reform expert (Netherlands)
Towards a European ethic for algorithms?
Exchange of views with the CEPEJ members
Francesco CONTINI, Senior researcher at the Research Institute on judicial systems - National Research Council (IRSIG-CNR), Bologna (Italy)
Presentation of the CEPEJ working plan and conclusions
João ARSÉNIO DE OLIVEIRA, (Portugal) Chairman of the CEPEJ-GT-QUAL (Working group on the quality of justice)
- The processing of judicial data by so-called artificial intelligence systems or methods derived from data sciences are likely to improve the transparency of the functioning of justice by improving in particular the predictability of the application of the law and the consistency of case law.
- The so-called artificial intelligence systems or data sciences capable of providing support for legal advice, decision-making assistance or guidance for litigants must operate under conditions of transparency and fair processing, certified by an expert independent of the operator.
- Such processing must be carried out in compliance with the fundamental rights guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and the Convention for the Protection of Personal Data.
In his report 2018 on "the situation of democracy, human rights and the rule of law", the Secretary General of the Council of Europe recalls the importance of the CEPEJ's work for the implementation of the Action Plan to strengthen the independence and impartiality of the judiciary. It is based on the evaluation of judicial systems carried out by the CEPEJ, in particular regard to the management of procedural delays by the courts. In his report, the Secretary-General also presents the challenges posed by technological developments and artificial intelligence, especially in the field of predictive justice. It stresses the potential of these developments to improve the predictability of the judicial process and to ensure the transparency of judges' work and the consistency of case law, but also notes that such processes cannot be limited to algorithms and must take into account particular circumstances and ensure respect for fundamental rights. The Council of Europe asked the CEPEJ to examine the implications of the use of artificial intelligence for the justice sector, from the point of view of both the efficiency of justice and its quality, and to formulate guidelines for the Member States.
At its 28th plenary meeting (Strasbourg, 6 – 7 December), the CEPEJ adopted its Guidelines on how to drive change towards Cyberjustice. These guidelines constitute a critical assessment of the systems deployed in the field of information systems in courts and a synthesis of good practices. The introduction of digital tools in the functioning of judicial systems has often been considered as a guarantee of greater efficiency, not always rightly. The results of IT projects in the Council of Europe member States over the last 15 years have enabled the CEPEJ to develop principles for public decision-makers in order to contribute to the efficient use of information technologies in particular in the context of judicial activity.
This file is based on a study session organised by the CEPEJ on 10 December 2015 at the 26th plenary meeting in Strasbourg and allowed presentation of ITC tools in the field of justice.