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Strasbourg, 27 January 2011

CCJE-GT(2011)1

CONSULTATIVE COUNCIL OF EUROPEAN JUDGES
(CCJE)

Questionnaire with a view of the preparation of Opinion No. 14 on the non-materialisation of the judicial process and the use of IT by judges and court staff

BULGARIE

R E P L Y

of

Questionnaire with a view of the preparation of Opinion No. 14 on the non-materialisation of the judicial process and the use of IT by judges/court staff

1. Access to courts

d) To what extent are legal proceedings instigated by electronic means in practice? - see answer 1.a

2. Procedure within courts

With parties who use electronic means themselves:

With other parties:

by traditional means?

by traditional means? –

by using electronic communication?

by using electronic communication?

both?

both? - yes
Court communicates with parties by traditional means (ex. summons served by a court official, by post or through a courier service, etc.; by means of telephone, telex, telefax, telegram; publications in State Gazette, etc.) and by using electronic communications (an electronic address named by a party)

   

Judges

Court staff

to all court files? Yes – except to secret files - to which only judges in charge have access

    to all court files? Yes – except to secret files, to which only certain clerks (who are granted access to secret information) have access

only to files within their jurisdiction?

    only to files within their jurisdiction?

3. Oral hearing

4. Information services for judges

Database run by State – no

Database run by a private institution - yes

☐ national legislation

☐ national legislation - yes

☐ European legislation

☐ European legislation - yes

☐ national case-law

☐ national case-law - yes

☐ international case-law

☐ international case-law -yes

☐ law review articles

☐ law review articles - yes

5. Practical court work

6. Internet

7. Use of private personal computers/laptops by judges and court staff

8. Use of data

9. Data security

10. Participation of judges

Who decides about the electronic infrastructure of a court? – The Supreme Judicial Council upon courts’ presidents’ proposals. Are judges implicated in the relevant decisions concerning the implementation of IT in courts? no

11. Conclusion

Please give your opinion on the advantages and disadvantages of the development of IT in courts?