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Opinions of the CCJE

The CCJE has an advisory function on general questions relating to independence, impartiality and competence of judges. This leads it to prepare opinions for the attention of the Committee of Ministers. The CCJE may also receive requests for opinions from other Council of Europe bodies. Although the opinions given by the CCJE take account of existing national situations, they mainly contain innovative proposals for improving the status of judges and the service provided to members of the public seeking justice.

On the occasion of its 10th anniversary, the CCJE adopted, during its 11th plenary meeting (November 2010), a Magna Carta of Judges (Fundamental Principles) summarising and codifying the main conclusions of the Opinions that it already adopted. The Magna Carta is available in Bulgarian, Croatian, French, German, Italian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovakian, Slovenian, Spanish and Romanian.

 

Opinion N 1 (2001)

on standards concerning the independence of the judiciary and the irremovability of judges

also available in Bulgarian, Dutch, French, German, Estonian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Slovak, Spanish, Romanian, Russian

 

Opinion N 2 (2001)

on the funding and management of courts

also available in Bulgarian, French, German, Estonian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Slovak, Spanish, Romanian, Russian


 

Opinion N 3 (2002)

on ethics and liability of judges

also available in Bulgarian, French, German, Estonian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Spanish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak

 

Opinion N 4 (2003)

on training for judges

also available in Bulgarian, French, German, Estonian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish


 

Opinion N 5 (2003)

on the law and practice of judicial appointments to the European court of human rights

also available in Bulgarian, French, German, Estonian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish

 

Opinion N 6 (2004)

on fair trial with a reasonable time

also available in Bulgarian, French, German, Estonian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish


 

Opinion N 7 (2005)

on "justice and society"

also available in Bulgarian, Croatian, French, German, Estonian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish

 

Opinion n8 (2006)

on "the role of judges in the protection of the rule of law and human rights in the context of terrorism"

also available in Bulgarian, French, German, Estonian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Romanian, Spanish


 

Opinion n9 (2006)

on "the role of national judges in ensuring an effective application of international and European law"

also available in Bulgarian, French, German, Estonian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Romanian, Slovakian, Spanish

 

Opinion n10 (2007)

on "Council for the Judiciary in the service of society"

also available in Bulgarian, Croatian, Dutch, German, Estonian, French, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish


 

Opinion n11 (2008)

on "the quality of judicial decisions"

also available in Bulgarian, Croatian, Dutch, Estonian, French, Georgian, German, Italian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish

 

Opinion No. 12 (2009)

on the relations between Judges and Prosecutors in a democratic society

also available in Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovenian, Spanish, Turkish


 

Opinion n13 (2010)

on the role of Judges in the enforcement of judicial decisions

also available in Bulgarian, French, German, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish

 

 

Opinion n14 (2011)

on justice and information technologies (IT)

also available in Bulgarian, French, German, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish


 

Opinion n15 (2012)

on the specialisation of Judges

also available in Croatian, French, German, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Polish, Slovenian, Spanish

 

Opinion n16 (2013)

on the relations between judges and lawyers

also available in Croatian, French, Lithuanian, Polish, Slovak