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A word from the President
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10th anniversary of the CCJE
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A word from the President

Dear Reader,

The Consultative Council of European Judges, CCJE, was founded by the Council of Europe in 2000 with the aim of strengthening the judiciaries in the member states. Judges play a central role in the establishment of a democratic society governed by the rule of law, which is one of the aims of the Council of Europe. The CCJE is an advisory body on issues related to the independence, impartiality and competence of judges. It is composed of experienced judges from the 47 member States.

The first task of the CCJE, according to its Terms of Reference, is to draft Opinions for the attention of the Committee of Ministers on issues regarding the status of judges and the exercise of their functions. Since its foundation the CCJE has issued 16 Opinions, in which it tries to translate the fundamental principles underlying the independence of the judiciary into more concrete guidance on topics like the functioning of Councils for the Judiciary, the relations between judges and prosecutors or between judges and lawyers, and the quality of judicial decisions. The Opinions are the result of dialogues between the members of the CCJE, all of them with their specific cultural and legal background. In spite of the different traditions, a high level of consensus is reached on the central issues with regard to the functioning of judges. On the occasion of its 10th anniversary, in 2010, the most important statements of principle of the CCJE were summarized in the “Magna Carta for Judges”.

The second task of the CCJE is to provide targeted co-operation to enable member states to comply with the standards of the Council of Europe with regard to the judiciary. This task is becoming more and more important, as is reflected in the Situation Reports on the Judiciary and Judges. The first Situation Report was published in January 2012, the second in November 2013.

The anchor of all the activities of the CCJE is the European Convention of Human Rights, as it is interpreted and applied by the European Court of Human Rights.

We cordially invite you to consult the Opinions, the Magna Carta and the Situation Reports of the CCJE; you can find them at the home page of this website (at the bottom left) in the chapter headed “Documentation”.

As is observed in the Situation Reports, there are continuing concerns about the functioning of judiciaries in member states and about the full implementation of the relevant standards of the Council of Europe. The Framework Global Action plan for judges in Europe, published in 2001, has not lost its relevance. The establishment of a democratic society governed by the rule of law demands constant attention and maintenance, in all member States of the Council of Europe.

The CCJE offers its assistance in this process, in co-operation with all other relevant bodies, both within and outside the Council of Europe.

Bart van Lierop
President of the CCJE

The Bureau

From left to right: Nina Betteto, Richard Aikens, Bart van Lierop and Johannes Riedel

Bart van Lierop

(The Netherlands)

President of the CCJE since January 2014


Richard AIKENS
(United Kingdom)

Vice-President of the CCJE since January 2014

Member of the CCJE Bureau since January 2013

Nina Betteto (Slovenia)
Member of the CCJE Bureau since January 2013

Johannes Riedel

Member of the CCJE Bureau since January 2014



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