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Independence of judges and funding of courts
 

In 2001, the Consultative Council of European Judges adopted opinion n1 on "independence of judges" and opinion n2 on "funding of courts".

The CCJE asked the Chair of the Working Group to draw up questionnaires on the themes selected for discussion in 2001:
- Standards concerning the independence (including the principle of irremovability) of judges contained in Recommendation No. (94) 12 on the independence, efficiency and the role of judges, and in particular, the relevance of these standards and any other international standards to current problems in these fields ;
- The funding and management of courts with reference to the efficiency of the judiciary and with reference to Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights

This work was carried out on the basis of the replies by delegations to a questionnaire on the independence of judges, their appointment and careers, and funding of the courts
 

Replies to the questionnaire


Andorra
Belgium
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Ireland
Iceland
Italy
Lituanie
Luxembourg
Malta

Moldova
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Slovak Republic
Romania
Russian Federation
"the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"
Slovenia
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

Subjects

The justice, evaluation and independence


The specialisation of judges


Justice and information technologies

Magna Charta of European Judges


Principles of public prosecution as regards juvenile justice


Relations between judges and prosecutors


Quality of judicial decisions


The councils for the judiciary


International context and terrorism


Justice and society


Fair trial


Training for judges


Ethics of judges


Independence of judges and funding of courts

 

Documents

Questionnaire
Opinion n1
Opinion n2