North-South Centre - European Centre for Global Interdependence and Solidarity

Aga Khan Development Network

2011 LISBON FORUM

      Welcoming words from Nazim AHMAD, Aga Khan Development Network Representative
      Opening session

      Moderator: Deborah Bergamini, Chair of the Executive Council of the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe

      - Jorge Sampaio, United Nations High Representative for the Alliance of Civilizations, Chair of the Lisbon Forum
      - Youssef Amrani, Secretary General of the Secretariat for Union for the Mediterranean
      - Bernardino León, Special Representative of the European Union for the Southern Mediterranean
      - Miguel Angel Martinez, Vice-President of the European Parliament
      - Magda Zaki, Director / Minister Plenipotentiary, Department of the Dialogue among Civilizations, League of Arab States
      - João Bosco Mota Amaral, Vice-President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

      1st Plenary Session

      Moderator: Eberhard Koelsch, Ambassador (ret), Chair of the North-South Centre Think-Tank

      11:00-12:00 1st panel: “Democracy on the move”

      This panel will discuss and analyse the ongoing developments in the Southern Mediterranean region and their impact at regional and global level. The following issues could be addressed: the prospects for spill-over effect of the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions throughout the region, particularly in the Mashreq and the Gulf; the future of Libya after Muammar Gaddafi; and the impact of current transformations in the Arab world on the geopolitical relationships in the Mediterranean region.

      - Latifa Akharbach, State Secretary to the Minister of foreign affairs and cooperation, Morocco
      - Khemaies Jhinaoui, State Secretary to the Minister of foreign affairs, Tunisia
      - Denis Badré, Senator, Member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, France
      - Amr Elshobaki, President of the Arab Forum for Alternatives, Egypt
      - Mário David, Chair of the Delegation for relations with Mashreq countries of the European Parliament

      2nd panel: “Democracy and development”

      This panel will look at the social and economic roots of popular unrest in the Mediterranean Arab world and will analyse what lessons can be learned from the diverse scenarios. Looking at the future, the panel will explore the possible link between democratization and development, and the role of international and regional co-operation in the region in this respect. The panel will explore how external actors could provide support to the democratisation processes of Arab countries, in particular the European Union, the Council of Europe and the Alliance of Civilizations.

      - Hamdi Loza, Ambassador of Egypt to Portugal
      - Piotr Switalski, Director of Policy Planning of the Council of Europe
      - Sophie Bessis, Deputy Secretary General of the International Federation of Humans Rights (FIDH), France
      - Mansouria Mokhefi, Head of the Middle East/North Africa Programme, Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI), France
      - Paulo Gorjão, Director of the Portuguese Institute of International Relations and Security (IPRIS), Portugal

      The role of women as agents of change in the South Mediterranean region

      Report from the Conference on “Women as agents of change in the South Mediterranean region” on 24-25 October in Rome (Italy).

      - Deborah Bergamini, Chair of the Executive Committee of the North-South Centre
      - José Mendes Bota, Chair of the Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men
      - Sondès Ben Khalifa written intervention

      Objective conclusions
      Political conclusions

      Workshops on Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia

      Each workshop will be facilitated by a moderator. There will be short introductory remarks by 4-5 speakers followed by an interactive discussion.

      Egypt

      This workshop will analyse the democratic changes that the “Arab Spring” brought in Egypt. Among the main issues which could be addressed are: the passage from military to civil power; education; freedom of religion; the involvement of youth, women and civil society in political and public life; as well as perspectives for future collaboration with the Council of Europe, the European Union and the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations.

      Moderator: Helena Barroco, Alliance of Civilizations

      Speakers:
      - Amr Essam, United Nations Alliance of Civilizations Focal Point for Egypt
      - Amr Elshobaki, President of the Arab Forum for Alternatives, Egypt
      - Waleed Rashed, co-founder of the April 6 Youth Movement, Egypt
      - Alistair Macdonald-Radcliff, Director General, World Dialogue Council

      Tunisia

      This workshop will analyse the democratic changes that the “Arab Spring” brought in Tunisia. Among the main issues which could be addressed are: the functioning of democratic institutions in the post-electoral context; the role regional actors could play in supporting the democratisation; the model of state system to follow and secularism-religion relations in the Tunisian context; the involvement of youth, women and civil society in political and public life; as well as perspectives for future collaboration with the Council of Europe, the European Union and the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations.

      Moderator: Murat Daoudov, Member of the North-South Centre Think Tank

      Speakers:
      - United Nations Alliance of Civilizations Focal Point for Tunisia
      - Sophie Bessis, Deputy Secretary General of International Federation of Humans Rights (FIDH), France
      - Hasni Abidi, Director of the Studies and Research Centre for the Arab and Mediterranean World (CERMAM), Switzerland
      - Mohamed Kamoun, Euromed Youth Trainer, Tunisia

      Morocco

      This workshop will analyse the democratic changes that the “Arab Spring” brought in the Kingdom of Morocco and the strategies that have facilitated this process, at governmental and civil society level. Among the main issues which could be addressed are: the respective roles of the King, the Prime Minister and the Parliament in the new Constitution; the new political landscape after the elections of 25 November; the involvement of youth, women and civil society in political and public life; the role of the media and communication in the on-going transformative process, as well as perspectives for future collaboration with the Council of Europe, the European Union and the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations.

      Moderator: Alicia Cabezudo, Member of the North-South Centre Think Tank

      Speakers:
      - Latifa Akharbach, United Nations Alliance of Civilizations Focal Point for Morocco
      - Mbarka Bouaida, Member of Parliament, Morocco
      - Nadia Bernoussi, Professor for constitutional law and Member of the Committee for the Reform of the Constitution, Morocco
      - Amina Bouayach, President of the Moroccan Organisation for Human Rights (OMDH)

      Report from the workshops

      The Moderators of the workshops will present a brief summary of the discussions held and, as far as possible, operational conclusions.

      - Helena Barroco, Alliance of Civilisations
      - Murat Daoudov, Member of the North-South Centre Think Tank
      - Alicia Cabezudo, Member of the North-South Centre Think

      2nd Plenary Session

      Moderator: Victor Angelo, Former United Nations Under Secretary-General and Member of the North-South Centre Think Tank

      1st panel: “Citizenship as a key concept to build democracy and realize

          human rights for all”


      The concept of citizenship is generally understood as a legal status, defined by civil, political and social rights. It is a powerful source of identity, which can be complementary to or generate tensions with, other sources of identity such as religion, ethnic or cultural identities. This panel will analyse the challenges and opportunities of extending civil, political and social rights in the countries of the “Arab Spring”. One important aspect of this discussion will be to analyze the role of education in building a strong citizenship. The panel will also discuss the role of citizens as political agents, actively participating in a society's political institutions and thus contributing to shaping their country’s future – at local, national and international levels – as well as ways and means to develop an organized civil society.

      - Sabine Rohmann, Chair of the education and culture Committee of the Conference of International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs) of the Council of Europe
      - Fadi Daou, Chairman & CEO of ADYAN: Lebanese Foundation for interreligious studies and spiritual solidarity
      - Marc Schade-Poulsen, Executive Director of the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network
      - Mona Shahien, Project Manager of the Tahrir Lounge project, Egypt
      - Yohannes Mezgebe, Vice-President of the Pan African Youth Union

      2nd panel: “The role of media and new technologies (including social networks) as instruments to promote and develop democracy”

      A common trend in the countries of the “Arab Spring” is the role of the media and the internet (including social networks) in organizing popular movements and giving a voice to the individuals on the streets. Through the internet, any individual can become a protestor, a journalist, an opinion leader or a political leader. This panel will discuss how media and new technologies can be used to promote and develop democracy, for example by reaching out to people which were not closely involved in politics or public life in the past, such as women and the younger generations.

      - Gustavo Cardoso, Professor at Lisbon University Institute (ISCTE), Portugal
      - Driss Lamrini, Journalist (Morocco), International bureau of the Maghreb Arab press agency
      - Sofia Lorena, Journalist at Público, Portugal
      - Shahinaz Abdel Salam, Blogger, Egypt
      - José Manuel Rosendo, Journalist, Antena 1, Portugal

      Closing session

      Moderator: Denis Huber, Executive Director of the North-South Centre

      - Conclusions of the Forum / Denis Huber, Executive Director of the North-South Centre
      - Hamdi Loza, Ambassador of Egypt to Portugal
      - Karima Benyaich, Ambassador of Morocco to Portugal
      - Youssef Louzir, Ambassador of Tunisia to Portugal
      - Luís Filipe Neves Brites Pereira, Secretary of State for Foreign and Cooperation Affairs of Portugal
      - Jorge Sampaio, United Nations High Representative for the Alliance of Civilizations, Chair of the Lisbon Forum