The pace of biodiversity decline is quickening worldwide. Habitat break-up, pollution, over-use of natural areas and the creation of artificial landscapes increase the rate of erosion, while reducing species' opportunity for migration, dispersion and exchange. How and by what means can this situation be put right?
Ecological networks can positively influence the conditions for the survival of species populations in the fragmented natural areas and human dominated landscapes in Europe. In addition, they allow a suitable and sustainable use of natural resources through the interconnectivity of their physical elements with the landscape and existing social/institutional structures. Their contribution to successfully fight against the adverse impact of climate change is fully recognised today.
The preservation and ecological restoration of the green heart of Europe is contemplated by the Council of Europe as a contribution to the setting-up of a coherent spatial structure and the maintenance of ecological processes and services. The good management of ecological services and biodiversity is essential to economic prosperity, social justice, security, health and other aspects of our daily life.