The Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (Faro Convention, 2005)
European societies, being transformed under the combined effects of the economic crisis, energy transition, demographic or migration factors and a reduction in resources, call for new development models driven by greater democracy, strengthened citizen participation and better governance based on more open, reactive and transparent institutions.
In this context, the
Council of Europe’s Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society
(the Faro Convention) is innovative in linking the concept of the
"common heritage of Europe" to human rights and the fundamental freedoms for which the Council of Europe remains one of the historic guardians. The
Faro Convention provides an original contribution to the issues related to
"living together", quality of life and the living environments where citizens wish to prosper.
The Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 13 October 2005, and opened for signature to member States in Faro (Portugal) on 27 October of the same year. It entered into force on 1 June 2011. To date,
17 member States have ratified it: Armenia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Luxembourg, the Republic of Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine and “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”. In addition,
5 States have signed the Convention: Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Italy, and San Marino. The signing process is underway in a number of other member States of the Council of Europe (Bulgaria and Finland).
During its plenary meeting on 27-29 May 2013, the Steering Committee for Culture, Heritage and Landscape (CDCPP) adopted the
Faro Action Plan (revision to be confirmed on 4-5 November 2014) which started a series of actions aimed at promoting the Faro Convention in order to increase the number of ratifications and to ensure the implementation of the Convention’s principles.