The cross-cutting programme “Passing on the Remembrance of the Holocaust and prevention of crimes against humanity” comes within the institutional framework of the 1954 European Cultural Convention and Recommendation Rec(2001)15 on history teaching in twenty-first-century Europe.

"Whilst highlighting the positive advances obtained in the 20th century, such as the peaceful use of science to improve the quality of human life and the development of democracy and human rights, it is necessary to implement the entire range of educational measures with a view to preventing the repetition or denial of the devastating events having marked that century, namely the Holocaust, genocide and other crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing, and large-scale breaches of human rights and of the fundamental values which the Council of Europe holds dear".

This means that:

  • pupils must be helped to learn and know the facts – and their causes – about this darkest period in Europe’s history;
  • there must be implementation, follow-up and monitoring of the Declaration of the Ministers of Education  and schools must observe a "Day of remembrance of the Holocaust and prevention of crimes against humanity", chosen in the light of each member state’s history;
  • activities – to be defined - are needed in the field of history teaching, so as to strengthen trust and tolerance within and between countries and meet the challenges of the 21st century.

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