The Council of Europe action plan on protecting vulnerable persons in the context of migration and asylum in Europe (2021-2025) provides a framework of measures to address the human rights challenges affecting the most vulnerable migrants and refugees in member states. It works across four pillars: protecting and promoting safeguards to identify and respond to vulnerability; ensuring access to law and justice; fostering democratic participation and inclusion;, and enhancing co-operation among relevant authorities. The Special Representative of the Secretary General on Migration and Refugees coordinates its implementation, which includes activities from the whole Organisation.

Civil society enjoys a fruitful relationship with the Special Representative and gives valuable input in country and thematic work as well through the Conference of INGOs’ Committee on Migration.