“The prevention and suppression of terrorism is indispensable to the maintenance of the democratic structure of member States” – these words come from a Declaration on Terrorism adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe in 1978.
The Council of Europe develops legal standards to prevent and
suppress acts of terrorism through criminal law and other measures, while respecting human rights and in full respect of the rule of law, and is continuously working to improve international co-operation in bringing terrorists to justice.
The Committee of Experts on Terrorism (CODEXTER)
follows the implementation of the Council of Europe legal
instruments against terrorism and coordinates the Council of Europe
activities in combating
For 2014-2015, CODEXTER established four priorities:
- Special investigation techniques (where the committee decided to review CM Recommendation (2005)10);
- Radicalisation, foreign terrorist fighters and the receiving of training for terrorism, including via the Internet;
- Terrorists acting alone;
Assessment of possible gaps in the legal framework provided by Council of Europe international legal instruments in the area of the prevention and suppression of terrorism.
The Council of Europe has adopted an
Additional Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of
Terrorism to address the phenomenon of foreign terrorist
fighters, as well as an
Action Plan on the fight against violent extremism and
radicalisation leading to terrorism. The Protocol was opened for
signature on 22 October 2015 in Riga.
The Council of Europe is also currently developing research and practical work with regard to the topic of more efficiently combating transnational organised crime (see
White Paper on Transnational Organised Crime) and the common approach of fighting organised crime and terrorism (see