On 15-16 May 2024, the Council of Europe organised an International Conference on the Investigation and Prosecution of Terrorist Offences Committed in the Context of Armed Conflict. The event was held in-person in Strasbourg with a range of experts also participating online.

The International Conference focused on the complex interaction of counter-terrorism and the laws applicable during armed conflict and the experience of States in holding accountable the perpetrators of serious crimes committed in this context. The Conference featured notable contributions from prosecutors, academic experts and representatives of regional and international organisations working at the nexus of terrorism and armed conflict.

The Conference also benefitted from the participation of Professor Ben Saul, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms while Countering Terrorism, who delivered a presentation on the potential benefits and challenges of applying both counter-terrorism law and international humanitarian law approaches to maximise civilian protection and improving justice response to terrorist activity.