The great virtues of the Internet —ease of access, lack of regulation, vast potential audiences, and the fast flow of information, among others— have been turned to the advantage of groups committed to terrorising societies to achieve their goals.
A number of the Council of Europe's legal instruments already address this issue, namely the Cybercrime Convention (2001) and the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (2005).
Cyberterrorism and use of the Internet for terrorist purposes have been identified by the Council of Europe as priority focus areas and have been the subject of discussion in the Committee of Experts on Terrorism (CODEXTER) since 2006. In this context, the CODEXTER has been surveying the situation in member states to evaluate whether existing international instruments are sufficient to respond to this emerging threat. As a result of this work, it adopted an expert opinion in 2007 and set up a database on Cyberterrorism – the use of the Internet for terrorist purposes.
"Cyberterrorism - the use of the Internet for terrorist purposes" (published in 2008 in the Council of Europe's Terrorism and Law Series) brings together the results of the CODEXTER's work in this field with the relevant legal instruments. It looks at the situation in the Council of Europe's member and observer states and gives a comprehensive overview of the issues at stake.
See also the Council of Europe's cybercrime website.