Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention)


 

How well do you know the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence?

 

Quiz

 

  • Question 1 / 11

    According to the convention cases of violence against women are so widespread in our societies because:

    • Answer A
      women are by nature physically weaker and easily fall prey to such violence.
    • Answer B : over the past few decades there has been an increase in alcohol and drug abuse, as well as in the number of people with aggressive mental disorders.
    • Answer C : violence against women is both a consequence and a cause of inequality between women and men - in society and in the family - and is perpetuated by a culture of silence and denial.
    • Answer D : women are gaining more and more access to education, jobs and power and that is resented by men.

  • Question 2 / 11

    In the convention, what is actually meant by domestic violence?

    • Answer A
      Violence between current spouses or partners.
    • Answer B
      Violence between any members of a family or domestic unit living in the same household.
    • Answer C
      Violence between any members or former members of a family or domestic unit, regardless of whether they live in the same household or not.
    • Answer D
      None of the above.

  • Question 3 / 11

    If the police are called to a residence to intervene in a domestic violence incident and the victim is found in a situation of immediate danger, the convention establishes that:

    • Answer A
      specially trained police officers can mediate between the victim and the perpetrator, allowing both parties to stay safely at home.
    • Answer B
      the perpetrator can be removed temporarily from the residence even if he/she is its sole owner and is barred from contacting the victim.
    • Answer C
      the perpetrator can be removed from the residence, but only if he/she shares the property with the victim or if the victim is its sole owner.
    • Answer D
      the victim can immediately be sent to a shelter where he/she will be provided with the necessary help and support.

  • Question 4 / 11

    If a perpetrator claims that he/she committed an act of violence to punish a victim for not behaving according to his/her customs, religion or culture, the convention establishes that:

    • Answer A
      the cultural, religious or traditional identity of a person must always be taken into account when handing down a sentence. Not ensuring this would constitute discrimination.
    • Answer B
      any justification of a crime on the basis of culture, religion, tradition or so-called "honour" is unacceptable and may not be used to reduce a sentence.
    • Answer C
      any justification of a crime on the basis of culture, religion, tradition or so-called "honour" is in principle unacceptable. However, under certain conditions it may be used to reduce a sentence.
    • Answer D
      none of the above.

  • Question 5 / 11

    When a victim and a perpetrator of domestic violence have children in common, the convention establishes that it is in the best interests of the child to:

    • Answer A
      always allow contact between the perpetrator and his/her children. It is beneficial for a child's development to remain in contact with both parents.
    • Answer B
      only allow contact between the perpetrator and his/her children if a risk assessment has been carried-out and if supervision during contact visits is ensured.
    • Answer C
      never allow contact between the perpetrator and his/her children. The perpetrator loses automatically his/her custody and visitation rights as soon as he/she has committed an act of violence.
    • Answer D
      none of the above.

  • Question 6 / 11

    Does the convention encourage men and boys to play an important role in the prevention of violence against women?

    • Answer A
      No. Although prevention can help somewhat, this is a private issue that only concerns women. It is the obligation of the government to prevent violence against women and domestic violence.
    • Answer B
      No. Prevention has little or no effect on the number of cases of violence against women in our society. Governments need to focus on stronger sanctions.
    • Answer C
      Yes. Men and boys can contribute to the prevention of violence as role models, agents of change and by supporting equality between women and men.
    • Answer D
      Yes. Men and boys can help prevent such violence by learning how to refrain from committing such violence.

  • Question 7 / 11

    The convention establishes that for a person to be considered as a victim of sexual violence, including rape:

    • Answer A
      there has to be proof that the victim was forced and that they physically resisted the sexual act.
    • Answer B
      there has to be proof that the victim did not consent to the sexual act or was coerced into participating in it, even if there is absence of physical resistance.
    • Answer C
      there has to be proof that the victim had not consented to sexual acts with the perpetrator in the past.
    • Answer D
      none of the above.

  • Question 8 / 11

    According to the convention, which of the following types of behaviour constitutes stalking?

    • Answer A
      When a person repetitively follows and observes another person, including in the virtual world.
    • Answer B
      When a person repeatedly engages in unwanted communication with another person by means of phone calls, e-mails, letters.
    • Answer C
      When a person's property, image or close relatives and friends are targeted by threatening or destructive behaviour.
    • Answer D
      All of the above.

  • Question 9 / 11

    Does the convention cover male victims of domestic violence?

    • Answer A
      Yes, because the number of cases of domestic violence against men are just as widespread as those of domestic violence against women.
    • Answer B
      Yes, because men can also be victims of domestic violence, although the vast majority of victims continue to be women.
    • Answer C
      No, because there are no cases of domestic violence against men.
    • Answer D
      No, because incidents of domestic violence against men are never as severe as those against women.

  • Question 10 / 11

    If parents take their 16 year-old child to another country under a pretence, and have arranged for their child to be married without his or her knowledge, the convention establishes that:

    • Answer A
      this falls under parental rights/responsibilities and the parent(s) may not be prosecuted.
    • Answer B
      this is not a criminal offence if the forced marriage was not concluded, but it can lead to other legal sanctions for taking the child out of the country under pretence.
    • Answer C
      this is a criminal offence which leads to prosecution, even if the forced marriage was not concluded.
    • Answer D
      parental rights shall be withdrawn.

  • Question 11 / 11

    The role of the media in shaping our opinion of women, sex and violence is:

    • Answer A
      addressed in the convention because the way women are portrayed in the media keep alive stereotypes of women as weak, passive, sexually available or deserving of violence.
    • Answer B
      addressed in the convention because research has proven a clear link between what we see on TV and what we do in real life.
    • Answer C
      not addressed in the convention because it is not important.
    • Answer D
      not addressed in the convention out of respect for the freedom of the media.

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