Election of GREVIO members
About the election procedure
The election procedure for GREVIO membership aims at guaranteeing the appointment of high-calibre independent experts among nationals of the State Parties. To this end, the Rules on the election procedure of the members of the Group of Experts on Action against Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 19 November 2014) set out important requirements regarding the qualifications and capacity of the members (Rules 2-5).
The first ten GREVIO members were elected on 4 May 2015 for a term of four years. The ratification of the Istanbul Convention by Germany on 12 October 2017 brought the total number of ratifications to 25, therefore triggering the procedure to fill the remaining five seats of GREVIO. The Committee of the Parties subsequently elected, at its 5th meeting on 24 May 2018, five additional members. Their mandate of four years started on 1 September 2018.
New election procedure opened
Following the withdrawal of Turkey from the Istanbul Convention and the subsequent resignation of the Turkish member of GREVIO, one of the 15 seats of GREVIO has become vacant, and the Committee of the Parties will have to proceed with an election at its 11th meeting on 7 December 2021. Taking into account the current composition of GREVIO and that no two members may be nationals of the same state (Rule 8 of CM/Res(2014)43), the following state parties have been invited to nominate up to three candidates, by 6 October 2021 : Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, San Marino, Spain, North Macedonia.
Nomination of candidates for GREVIO membership and national selection procedures
Multidisciplinary expertise and gender balance
States Parties should endeavour to nominate as many candidates as possible within the limit of three with a view to providing experts with different professional qualifications relevant to GREVIO’s work and to achieving gender balance (Rule 9 of the election procedure)
The diversity and complementarity of expertise as well as gender balance in the membership of GREVIO will depend on the selection of candidates at national level. States Parties are therefore strongly encouraged to nominate several candidates, both women and men, from different fields of expertise. By way of illustration, candidates could be legal professionals (e.g. judges, prosecutors, law enforcement officials, practicing lawyers), health-care professionals (general practitioners, psychiatrists, nurses, midwives, etc.), psychologists, social workers, as well as NGO representatives or other members of civil society working in the areas covered by the Convention.
Transparency and openness to competition
States Parties should ensure that the national selection procedure is transparent and open to competition in order to lead to the nomination of the most qualified candidates (Rule 10 of the election procedure).
The selection process of candidates for GREVIO membership at national level should be in line with the transparency and quality requirements laid out in CM/Res(2014)43.
For more guidance on this issue, see Resolution 1923 (2013) of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe of 8 March 2013 on reinforcing the election processes of experts of key Council of Europe human rights mechanisms. In its Reply of 18 September 2013 in relation to this matter, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe considered that, when establishing and implementing their selection procedures, States could usefully draw on its 2012 Guidelines for the selection of candidates for the position of judge at the European Court of Human Rights.
Requirements to serve on GREVIO
Members of GREVIO should be chosen from among persons of high moral character (Article 66 (4) (a) of the Convention and Rule 2 of the election procedure).
It flows from this requirement that the behaviour and personal status of GREVIO members must be compatible with GREVIO membership. Professional or private activities of candidates for GREVIO membership shall be in line with the aims and purpose of the monitoring mechanism of the Istanbul Convention.
Competence and professional experience
Members of GREVIO should be known for their recognised competence in the fields of human rights, gender equality, violence against women and domestic violence, assistance to and protection of victims, or having demonstrated professional experience in the areas covered by the Istanbul Convention (Article 66 (4) (b) of the Convention and Rule 2 of the election procedure).
Competence and professional experience in the areas covered by the Istanbul Convention are at the heart of the selection processes of candidates at national level and the election of GREVIO members. Particular attention shall therefore be paid, within the framework of the election procedure, to the current professional activity, relevant previous professional activities, additional responsibilities and educational background of GREVIO candidates.
Independence and impartiality
GREVIO members should sit in their individual capacity and be independent and impartial in the exercise of their functions. They shall take no instructions from any government, organisation or person on how to perform their duties as members of GREVIO. Individuals holding decision-making positions as regards defining and/or implementing policies in the field of combating violence against women and domestic violence in government or in any other organisation or entity, which may give rise to a conflict of interest with the responsibilities inherent to membership of GREVIO, shall not be eligible (Article 66 (4) (e) of the Convention and Rule 3 of the election procedure).
GREVIO members do not represent the States in respect of which they are elected. They should also not engage, for the duration of their term of office, in any activity incompatible with their independence or impartiality. The independence and impartiality requirements imply that particular attention is paid to situations of real or perceived conflicts of interest when selecting candidates and electing GREVIO members.
Availability and capacity
GREVIO members should be available to carry out their duties in an effective manner. They shall have sufficient time and capacity to participate in the meetings and other activities of GREVIO, and be able to work for the preparation of the reports and other documents of GREVIO (Article 66 (4) (e) of the Convention and Rule 4 of the election procedure).
GREVIO membership implies active participation in a range of activities (meetings, preparation of documents, etc.). It may also involve participation in any country visits which GREVIO considers necessary. It is therefore crucial that candidates for GREVIO membership undertake to dedicate enough time to GREVIO and are capable to take part in all the Group’s activities.
They shall have good command of at least one of the official languages of the Council of Europe (English or French). Passive knowledge of the other language is desirable (Rule 4 of the election procedure).
As a minimum requirement, candidates for GREVIO membership should have a good command of English or French. In order to be able to play a full part in the work of GREVIO, passive knowledge of the other language is desirable. Candidates are also encouraged to use the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages to make a self-assessment of their abilities in languages other than their mother tongue. A good practice also consists of assessing the candidates’ language abilities during selection interviews.
Electronic version of the model curriculum vitae set out in the Annex to Resolution CM/Res(2014)43
Election of GREVIO members
Members of GREVIO are elected by secret ballot.
Each member of the Committee of the Parties has as many votes per election round as there are seats to be filled on GREVIO.
The members of the Committee of the Parties can only vote for one national of each State.
The election should lead to a balanced composition of GREVIO in terms of competences and/or professional experience, geographical areas, main legal systems and gender in the Group. For this purpose, up to a maximum of three seats can be filled in each round. The candidate(s) who has/have received the most votes, and at least a majority of the votes cast, shall be elected.
Term of office of GREVIO members
GREVIO members are elected for a term of office of four years, renewable once.
The term of office ends at an earlier date if the Committee of the Parties finds, by a two-thirds majority of the members entitled to sit on this Committee, that the member no longer meets the requirements for membership of GREVIO or if the member requests the Secretary General to terminate his or her membership.
Resolution CM/Res(2014)43 on rules on the election procedure of the members of the Group of Experts on Action against Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (GREVIO) (adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 19 November 2014)
Decisions of the Ministers’ Deputies at their 1212th meeting of 19 November 2014 in Strasbourg