Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse

All 47 Council of Europe member states have signed and 38 states have ratified the Convention (Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Turkey, Ukraine)


“Sexual assault against children is an urgent human rights issue and fighting it should be a political priority”. (Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, 2011)

No violence against children is justifiable; all violence against children is preventable. (UN Global Study on Violence Against Children, 2006)

The Council of Europe Convention on Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, also known as “the Lanzarote Convention”, requires criminalisation of all kinds of sexual offences against children. It sets out that states in Europe and beyond shall adopt specific legislation and take measures to prevent sexual violence, to protect child victims and to prosecute perpetrators.  

The Lanzarote Committee (i.e. the Committee of the Parties to the Convention) is the body established to monitor whether Parties effectively implement the Lanzarote Convention. The monitoring procedure is divided by rounds, each round concerning a theme: starting with "sexual abuse in the circle of trust".

In order to assess Parties' implementation of the Lanzarote Convention, two questionnaires are currently available. The deadline for submitting responses is 31 January 2014.


The reference document with a non-exhaustive summary of the relevant children’s rights case law of the Court of Human Rights and the European Committee of Social Rights is available here.


(for more information) 


                                             Download the two questionnaires:

 Pocket-format Convention         General Overview Questionnaire        Thematic Questionnaire





Liechtenstein ratifies the Lanzarote Convention

European Day on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse: the date is approaching. Learn more!

Hungary ratifies the Lanzarote Convention

Lanzarote Committee adopts Opinion on "online grooming" of children, 17 June 2015