Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (Faro Convention, 2005)
The Faro Convention emphasizes the important aspects of heritage as they relate to human rights and democracy. It promotes a wider understanding of heritage and its relationship to communities and society. The Convention encourages us to recognize that objects and places are not, in themselves, what is important about cultural heritage. They are important because of the meanings and uses that people attach to them and the values they represent.
The Faro Convention is a “framework convention” which defines issues at stake, general objectives and possible fields of intervention for member States to progress. Each State Party can decide on the most convenient means to implement the Convention according to its legal or institutional frameworks, practices and specific experience. Compared to other conventions, the “framework convention” does not create specific obligations for action. It suggests rather than imposes.
The Convention was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 13 October 2005, and opened for signature to member States in Faro (Portugal) on 27 October of the same year. It entered into force on 1 June 2011. To date, 17 member States of the Council of Europe have ratified the Convention and five have signed it.
Concrete actions give life and meaning to the Council of Europe conventions and make words powerful, shaping the policies for positive social change. With an enhanced definition of heritage, emphasis on heritage communities and the principle of shared responsibility, the Faro Action seeks creative ways of developing and managing community heritage assets with active civil society involvement.
Faro Action, through its heritage-led work, creates field-based platforms where transversal issues and the Council of Europe institutional knowledge and experience are brought together around concrete actions, setting examples for the type of society we aspire to build.
In line with the Faro principles and criteria, civic initiatives enable institutions and communities to develop decision-making capacities and to manage their development processes, ensuring that heritage contributes to the social, cultural and economic dynamics of the communities.