The Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture (RFCDC) contains detailed guidance for ministries of education and education practitioners on how the conceptual model of competences and the descriptors can be used to create more effective education systems for promoting learners’ competences for democratic culture.

The intention is for this guidance to be used to assist the implementation of the RFCDC, whether this is occurring at the national, regional or local level, or at the level of an individual school or teacher who wishes to champion and implement the RFCDC.

It is strongly recommended that anyone who is considering implementing the Framework in one area or more should read the relevant guidance documents before beginning the process of implementation.


The guidance documents cover all of the following areas in which the RFCDC may be applied: