Volume one of the Reference Framework contains the model of competences for democratic culture that was unanimously approved by European ministers of education at their standing conference in Brussels in April 2016.

Volume two lists the descriptors of the competences for democratic culture that are intended to help educators identify learning outcomes, achieved proficiency after a period of learning, and areas for further development.

Volume three offers guidance on how the model of competences and the corresponding descriptors may be used in six education contexts.

Together, these volumes offer educators a reference and a toolbox for designing, implementing and evaluating educational interventions, in formal and non-formal settings.

Download the 135 key descriptors or the developped list of 447 descriptors for each competence from our descriptors page