On 26 September 2007, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe decided to declare 10 October as the "European Day against the Death Penalty", which takes place every year. The Council of Europe has pioneered the abolition process in Europe, making it a death penalty-free zone since 1997. This day is a European contribution to the World Day against the Death Penalty, which is held every year on the same day.

2022

On European and World Day against the Death Penalty, the European Union and the Council of Europe firmly reiterate their unequivocal opposition to the death penalty at all times, in all places and in all circumstances.

This year marks the twentieth anniversary of the opening for signature of Protocol 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances. We commend all those Council of Europe Member States (including all of the EU Member States) that have abolished the death penalty in all circumstances and we call on the last two Member States of the Council of Europe that have not yet acceded to this Protocol – Armenia and Azerbaijan – to do so without delay.