European and World Day against the death penalty European and World Day against the death penalty

The year 2022 marks the 20th World Day Against the Death Penalty. It is dedicated to reflecting on the relationship between the use of the death penalty and cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment or punishment. The European Court of Human Rights was one of the first international institutions to recognise and develop that link in its case law, strengthening the abolitionist cause worldwide. In particular, the Court found that death row phenomenon contributes to the long-term psychological decline of a person’s health ; harsh death row living conditions contribute to physical deterioration ; mental anguish of anticipating execution.

All this is incompatible with the provisions of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights which establishes the protection from torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The Court’s rulings ensured that the Council of Europe Member States should avoid extradition of individuals to countries where the death penalty could be applied.

The Council of Europe supports European and global initiatives aimed at the abolition of the death penalty worldwide.

Situation regarding abolition of the death penalty worldwide

© Salsabila Lalienne, Laureate of the 5th international competition “Draw me abolition” organised by ECPM and the International Education Network on Abolition

www.coe.int/abolition

Directorate General
Human Rights and Rule of Law

   
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