At a glance

Set up in 1958, the European Committee on Crime Problems (CDPC) was entrusted by the Committee of Ministers the responsibility for overseeing and coordinating the Council of Europe’s activities in the field of crime prevention and crime control. The CDPC meets at the headquarters of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg (France).

The CDPC identifies priorities for intergovernmental legal co-operation, makes proposals to the Committee of Ministers on activities in the fields of criminal law and procedure, criminology and penology, and implements these activities.

The CDPC elaborates conventions, recommendations and reports. It organises criminological research conferences and criminological colloquia, conferences of directors of prison administration.

The Protection of the Environment through Criminal Law

  • The Working Group on the Environment and Criminal Law (CDPC-EC)

The Council of Europe considers the Protection of the Environment as one of its priorities to address the ongoing developments in the environmental domain and the current and future challenges now facing us.

With the acceleration of degradation phenomena, the issue and urgency of environmental challenges have changed and require strengthened protection by means of unified and appropriate criminal law.

The existing Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Environment through Criminal Law (ETS No. 172, 1998) remains unimplemented and consequently lacks the ability to address the current challenges. The CDPC-EC Working Group, therefore, aims to discuss the possible way forward, by assessing whether the elaboration of a new Convention to replace the existing 1998 Convention is feasible and appropriate or not.

Victims' Rights


  • The Working Group of Experts on Victims’ Rights (CDPC-VR)

Following the 79th Plenary Session of the CDPC held in June 2021, the CDPC decided to set up a Working Group to draft a Recommendation on the Rights of Victims taking into account the rights and position of offenders and other persons involved in the criminal law process.

3rd meeting (19-20 October 2022)

2nd meeting (21-22 April 2022)

1st meeting (10-11 February 2022)

  • ReportAgenda
  • Proposal for an update of CM Recommendation Rec(2006)8 to member States on Assistance to Crime Victims - CDPC(2021)1
  • CM Recommendation Rec(2006)8 to member States on Assistance to Crime Victims

Artificial Intelligence and Criminal Law  


Technological developments are rapidly evolving in the 21st century and especially in the newly developed sector of Artificial Intelligence.

The Council of Europe considers the Artificial Intelligence (AI) regulation as one of its priorities in order to find a fair balance between the benefits of technological progress and the protection of our fundamental values.


  • Drafting Committee to elaborate an instrument on AI and criminal law

Following the 78th CDPC Plenary session held in November 2020 and based on the results of the Feasibility Study, the Drafting Committee was tasked with the drafting of an instrument on AI and criminal law, with a focus on vehicles and automated driving.

2nd meeting (1-2 June 2022)

1st meeting (15-16 November 2021)

  • Working Group of Experts

Following the 75th CDPC Plenary session and the results of the Thematic Session held in November 2018, the Working Group was instructed to carry out a Feasibility Study identifying the scope and the main elements of a future Council of Europe instrument on AI and criminal law. The Feasibility Study was finalised by the Working Group at the end of 2020.

3rd meeting (10 July 2020)

2nd meeting (7 November 2019)

1st meeting (27 March 2019)

Questionnaire on AI and criminal justice


  • Thematic Session, 28 November 2018

The Thematic Session on artificial intelligence and criminal law responsibility focused on the importance of a meaningful approach in legal systems across Europe to deal with this challenge.

Concept Paper
Final remarks