This compendium report adds to recent policy, research and practice seeking to promote voluntary and coercion-free forms of support, care and treatment (see eg. Barbui et al., 2020; Flynn & Gómez-Carrillo, 2019; Gooding et al., 2020; Hirsch & Steinert, 2019; C. Huber & Schneeberger, 2021; Sashidharan et al., 2019). More recently, the COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) funding agency has funded the establishment of a research network, ‘FOSTREN: Fostering and Strengthening Approaches to Reducing Coercion in European Mental Health Services’ (see :

Some of the prominent existing resources are listed briefly below, which have informed and should be considered complementary to this compendium.