Do not get confused
International organisation, based in Strasbourg, which was created in 1949 and now includes 46 European countries. Set up to promote democracy, human rights and the rule of law. Home to the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Court of Human Rights – among many other things!
Institution of the 27-member European Union, composed of representatives of the 27 EU member states. Defines the general political direction and priorities of the EU.
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
Deliberative body composed of 306 parliamentarians (and the same number of substitutes) appointed by the national parliaments of the 46 member states.
The parliamentary body of the European Union. Comprises 705 directly-elected Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from the 27 EU countries.
Oversees the implementation of the European Convention on Human Rights. Based in Strasbourg, the Court has the final say on the interpretation of the convention and Its judgments are binding on the state(s) concerned.
Ensures compliance with EU law. Based in Luxembourg.
And there’s also:
Inter-governmental body within the United Nations system made up of 47 states promoting and protecting all human rights around the globe.
Adopted by the United Nations in 1948 in order to strengthen the protection of human rights at international level.
Judicial body of the United Nations, based in The Hague.