At a glance

Set up in 1958, the European Committee on Crime Problems (CDPC) was entrusted by the Committee of Ministers the responsibility for overseeing and coordinating the Council of Europe’s activities in the field of crime prevention and crime control. The CDPC meets at the headquarters of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg (France).

The CDPC identifies priorities for intergovernmental legal co-operation, makes proposals to the Committee of Ministers on activities in the fields of criminal law and procedure, criminology and penology, and implements these activities.

The CDPC elaborates conventions, recommendations and reports. It organises criminological research conferences and criminological colloquia, conferences of directors of prison administration.

Artificial Intelligence and Criminal Law  


Technological developments are rapidly evolving in the 21st century and especially in the newly developed sector of Artificial Intelligence.

The Council of Europe considers the Artificial Intelligence (AI) regulation as one of its priorities in order to find a fair balance between the benefits of technological progress and the protection of our fundamental values.


  • Drafting Committee

Following the 79th CDPC Plenary session held in November 2020 and based on the results of the Feasibility Study, the Drafting Committee was tasked with the drafting of an instrument on AI and criminal law, with a focus on vehicles and automated driving.

1st meeting (15-16 November 2021)


  • Working Group of Experts

Following the 75th CDPC Plenary session and the results of the Thematic Session held in November 2018, the Working Group was instructed to carry out a Feasibility Study identifying the scope and the main elements of a future Council of Europe instrument on AI and criminal law. The Feasibility Study was finalised by the Working Group at the end of 2020.

3rd meeting (10 July 2020)

2nd meeting (7 November 2019)

1st meeting (27 March 2019)

Work plan
Questionnaire sent to all CDPC Delegations
Assessment of the answers to the questionnaire

  • Thematic Session, 28 November 2018

The Thematic Session on artificial intelligence and criminal law responsibility focused on the importance of a meaningful approach in legal systems across Europe to deal with this challenge.

Concept Paper
Final remarks


The Protection of the Environment through Criminal Law


The Working Group on the Environment and Criminal Law (CDPC-EC)

The Council of Europe considers the Protection of the Environment as one of its priorities to address the ongoing developments in the environmental domain and the current and future challenges now facing us.

With the acceleration of degradation phenomena, the issue and urgency of environmental challenges have changed and require strengthened protection by means of unified and appropriate criminal law.

The existing Council of Europe 1998 Convention on the Protection of Environment through Criminal Law (1998) ETS No. 172 remains unimplemented and consequently lacks the ability to address the current challenges. The CDPC-EC Working Group, therefore, aims to discuss the possible way forward, by assessing whether the creation of a new Convention or modernising the existing Convention is feasible or not.


Report of the 3rd meeting, 7 October 2021 - CDPC-EC(2021)3

Agenda of the 3rd meeting - CDPC-EC(2021)OJ3_Bil

Report of the 2nd meeting, 15 June 2021 - CDPC-EC(2021)2

Agenda of the 2nd meeting - CDPC-EC(2021)OJ2_Bil

Report of the 1st meeting, 20-21 April 2021 - CDPC-EC(2021)1

Agenda of the 1st meeting - CDPC-EC(2021)OJ1_Bil

Discussion paper I - CDPC(2021)4

Working paper - CDPC(2020)9