The GMT identified the use of special investigation techniques in relation to acts of terrorism as one of the priority areas requiring further action by the Council of Europe.
In February 2003, the Committee of Ministers, following a request by the European Committee on Crime Problems (CDPC), adopted specific terms of reference for the Committee of Experts on Special Investigation Techniques in Relation to Acts of Terrorism (PC-TI). The PC-TI held three meetings (April, July and September 2003) and conducted a survey on legislation and practice in member and observer states. As a result of this work, it adopted a final report and conclusions on special investigation techniques in relations to acts of terrorism.
Its conclusions were welcomed by the European Ministers of Justice at their 25th Conference, and were subsequently endorsed by the CODEXTER with a view to the preparation of an international instrument on special investigation techniques. The CODEXTER underlined that the adoption of such an instrument would enhance the efficiency of the fight against terrorism.
In May 2004 the Committee of Ministers adopted new specific terms of reference for the PC-TI pursuant to which it was instructed:
on the basis of the conclusions of its final report and with a view to the development of common principles governing the use of special investigation techniques and the improvement of international co-operation in matters related to their use, including in relation to acts of terrorism.
The PC-TI held a further three meetings (October and December 2004 and February 2005) during which it elaborated a draft recommendation on "special investigation techniques" in relation to serious crimes, including acts of terrorism.
Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers to member states
On 20 April 2005, at the 924th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies, the Committee of Ministers adopted:
Conclusions of the report of the PC-TI on the possible elaboration of an appropriate instrument on the use of special investigation techniques in relation to acts of terrorism
Meetings of the former Committee of experts on special Investigation Techniques in relation to acts of terrorism