Participation in Terrorism Experts Conference in Ankara
Kristian Bartholin, Deputy Head of the Terrorism Division, presented the Council of Europe counter-terrorism activities at the “Terrorism Experts Conference”, organised by the
Centre of Excellence Defence Against Terrorism on 15-16 October 2014 in Ankara, Turkey.
Hearing concerning the 2004 terrorist attack on school in Beslan
On 14 October, the European Court of Human Rights held a Chamber hearing in the case of
Tagayeva and Others v. Russia.
The case concerns the terrorist attack on a school in Beslan (North Ossetia) and the ensuing hostage-taking, siege and storming of the school, which resulted in the deaths of over 330 civilians, including over 180 children.
Factsheet on Terrorism
Webcast of the hearing
Extradition of suspected terrorists: judgment in the case of Trabelsi v. Belgium
On 4 September, the European Court of Human Rights delivered its judgment in the case of
Trabelsi v. Belgium, which concerned the extradition of a Tunisian national from Belgium to the United States, where he is being prosecuted on charges of terrorist offences and is liable to life imprisonment. The extradition had been effected despite the fact that the Court had asked Belgium to suspend the extradition as an interim measure under Rule 39 of the Rules of Court.
The Court held that the applicant’s extradition to the United States entailed a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. It considered that the life sentence to which the applicant was liable in the United States was irreducible inasmuch as US law provided for no adequate mechanism for reviewing this type of sentence, and that it was therefore contrary to the provisions of Article 3. The Court also held that there had been a violation of Article 34 (right of individual application) of the Convention: the failure of the Belgian State to observe the suspension of extradition indicated by the Court had irreversibly lowered the level of protection of the rights secured under Article 3 of the Convention, which the applicant had attempted to uphold by lodging his application with the Court, and had interfered with his right of individual application.
Factsheet on Terrorism
Judgments concerning secret detention sites in Poland
On 24 July 2014, the European Court of Human Rights delivered its judgments in the cases of
Al Nashiri v. Poland and Husayn (Abu Zubaydah) v. Poland, concerning the extraordinary rendition by the CIA of two terrorism suspects to secret detention sites in Poland.
The Court found a number of violations of the Convention. It held in particular that the applicants had been subjected to acts of torture during their detention in Poland and that the Polish Government had failed to comply with their obligations under Article 38, as they had refused to provide the Court with certain items of evidence. The Court further ruled that Poland should seek to remove the risk that Mr Al Nashiri might be sentenced to death, by seeking assurances from the US authorities that such penalty will not be imposed.
Factsheet on Terrorism
Factsheet on Secret detention sites
Hearing of 3 December 2013
On 15 May 2014, Lithuania ratified the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (CETS No. 196), which now has 32 ratifications.
Seminar in Oxford
On 13 May 2014, Ivan Koedjikov, Counter-terrorism Co-ordinator of the Council of Europe, delivered one of the termly seminars of the
Oxford Human Rights Hub on the topic of “New Human Rights challenges in countering terrorism: a Council of Europe perspective”.
The participants, gathered in the senior common room of the Oxford Faculty of Law, were invited to explore the question, is it possible to perpetuate human rights while dealing with new terrorist threats? Or are we bound to face tomorrow’s challenges with yesterday’s tools, therefore accepting that at least occasionally, not only human beings but also human rights will fall victim to terrorism?
Referring to the Council of Europe international law conventions, as well as non-binding, “soft law” recommendations by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe and the applying of these standards by the European Court of Human Rights, Ivan Koedjikov argued that human rights and the principles elaborated for their protection will remain valid even if the development of technology and the evil creativity of terrorists will continue to test them.
Azerbaijan ratified the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (CETS No. 196)
on 4 April 2014.
Participation in UNODC Conference in Bishkek
On 2 - 3 April 2014, Mr Kristian Bartholin, Deputy Head of the Terrorism Division, participated in the regional conference "Sharing Practices in Preventing Terrorism", organised by
the UNODC in Bishkek (Kyrgyz Republic), where he presented the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism.
On 25 March 2014, the European Court of Human Rights delivered its judgment in the case of
M.G. v. Bulgaria, which concerned the request for
extradition of a Russian national of Chechen origin, suspected of terrorist
offences in Russian Federation. The applicant, who held a refugee status in
Poland and Germany, contended that if his extradition to the Russian
Federation were to go ahead, he would run a serious risk of suffering
torture or other inhuman or degrading treatment.
The Court concluded
that there would be a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of torture and
inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention in the event of the
applicant’s being extradited to Russia.
On 18 March 2014, in the case of Öcalan v. Turkey, the European Court of Human Rights found that there had been a violation of Article 3 of the
European Convention on Human Rights on account of the conditions of the applicant’s detention up to 17 November 2009, and in view of his sentence to life imprisonment without prospect of release.
On 12 December 2013, the European Court of Human Rights delivered its judgment in the case of
Donohoe v. Ireland, which concerned the fairness of Mr Donohoe’s trial and conviction for being a member of the IRA. The conviction was based, among other things, on evidence given by a Chief Superintendent of the Irish police, who testified that it was his belief that Mr Donohoe was a member of the IRA but refused to disclose his sources claiming that this would endanger lives and State security.
After considering the necessity to protect human life and State security, the existence of additional supportive evidence and counterbalancing safeguards during the trial, the Court found no violation of Article 6 (right to a fair trial) of the European Convention on Human Rights.
The Undersecretariat of Public Order and Security of Prime Ministry of the Republic of Turkey and the Council of Europe organised the
International Conference on National and International Coordination in Counter-Terrorism on 24 - 25 October 2013, in Istanbul.
Participants discussed legal and policy issues related to counter-terrorism coordination and examined the role of coordination bodies in the preparation and implementation of national counter-terrorism strategies.
For more information, visit the
The Committee of Experts on Terrorism
(CODEXTER) held its 25th plenary meeting on
23-24 October 2013 in Istanbul (Turkey), during which the Committee set the following issues as priorities of its work in 2014-2015:
- special investigation techniques,
- radicalisation and receiving of training for terrorism, including via the Internet,
- terrorists acting alone,
- assessment of possible gaps in the legal framework provided by the Council of Europe international legal instruments in the area of the prevention and suppression of terrorism.
Representatives of Bulgaria, France, Montenegro and Latvia submitted
the updated country profiles on the counter-terrorism capacity. The Committee elected Mr Nicola Piacente (Italy) as its Chair and Mr Vladimir Salov (Russian Federation) as its Vice-Chair.
Agenda and abridged report
Country profiles database
On 21 October 2013, the European Court of Human Rights delivered its
Grand Chamber judgment in the case of
Del Río Prada v. Spain, which concerned the postponement of the final release of a person convicted of terrorist offences, on the basis of a new approach – known as the “Parot doctrine” – adopted by the Supreme Court after she had been sentenced. The Court concluded that a retrospective application of a new precedent of the Supreme Court in a manner which was not foreseeable for the applicant and which had the effect of extending her detention beyond the date initially foreseen for her final release amounted to a violation of Articles 7 and 5 § 1 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
Following this judgment, Inès Del Río Prada was released from prison.
factsheet on terrorism
18-21 March 2013, the Terrorism Division of the Council of Europe participated in the United Nations Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (UNSC CTED) Comprehensive Visit to Republic of Serbia to monitor the implementation of Security Council resolution 1373 (2001) by UN Member states. For further information, please see the UN website.
On 31 January 2013, Luxembourg ratified the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (CETS No. 196).
On 11 September 2012, Switzerland signed the Council of Europe
Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (CETS No. 196).
On 23rd March 2012, Turkey deposited its instrument of ratification
for the Council of Europe Convention on Prevention of Terrorism (CETS No.
196). The Convention will entry into force for Turkey on 1st July 2012.
In February-March 2012, the European Court of Human Rights delivered
a number of judgments relevant to counter-terrorism issues (Aysu v. Turkey
(no. 44021/07), Mehmet Emin Şimşek v. Turkey (no. 5488/05) and Nizamettin
Gezer v. Turkey (no. 16155/04); Al Hamdani v. Bosnia and Herzegovina (no.
31098/10) and Al Husin v. Bosnia and Herzegovina (no. 3727/08).
On 23-24 February 2012, the Counter-Terrorism Co-ordinator of the
Council of Europe contributed as a key speaker in the “Rule of Law session”
of the Conference between the members of the Global Counterterrorism Forum
(GCTF) and the United Nations as well as Other International, Regional and
Sub-regional Organizations, hosted by Switzerland in Interlaken. The Conference
gave the participants an opportunity to discuss the contribution they are
making to the five thematic and geographic areas of work of the GCTF: Rule
of Law, Countering Violent Extremism, the Horn of Africa, the Sahel, Southeast
Asia. It also aimed at giving an opportunity to reflect on ways and means
that would enhance communication and interaction between the GCTF and the
UN system and other international and regional bodies.
On 7-8 February 2012, a member of the Division Terrorism of the Council
of Europe participated as a speaker in a Workshop on Combating Cyber-Terrorism
in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Organised by the Technical Assistance
and Information Exchange instrument managed by the Directorate-General Enlargement
of the European Commission (TAIEX) together with the Police of Republika
Srpska, this workshop gathered together participants from the Western Balkans.
Topics discussed included the areas of the terrorist use of the internet
as well as the legal frameworks set up in order to fight against cybercrime,
especially cyber terrorism, and the response from international organizations
and the international cooperation against cyber terrorism.
On 24-25 January 2012, two representatives of the Council of Europe
(Division Terrorism and Economic Crime/MONEYVAL Division) contributed to
the Follow-up visit of the Counter-Terrorism Committee to the Republic of
Albania (24-25 January 2012). Country visits - organized at their request
– are aimed to monitor progress, as well as to evaluate the nature and level
of technical assistance a given country may need in order to implement UN
Security Council Resolutions 1373 (2001) and 1624 -2005).
On 17 January 2012
a Chamber judgment (not final) has been delivered
in the case Othman (Abu Qatada) v. the United Kingdom (application no. 8139/09).
This case concerned whether Omar Othman (also known as Abu Qatada) would
be at real risk of ill-treatment or a grossly unfair trial if deported to
Jordan, where he is wanted on terrorism charges. The European Court of Human
Rights held, unanimously, that, if Mr Othman were deported to Jordan:
• There would be no violation of Article 3 (prohibition of torture or
inhuman or degrading treatment) of the European Convention on Human Rights;
• There would be no violation of Article 5 (right to liberty and security)
of the Convention; but that
• There would be a violation of Article
6 (right to a fair trial), given the real risk of the admission of evidence
obtained by torture at his retrial.
• The Court also held, unanimously,
that there had been no violation of Article 13 (right to an effective remedy).
This is the first time that the Court has found that an expulsion would
be in violation of Article 6, which reflects the international consensus
that the use of evidence obtained through torture makes a fair trial impossible.
At its last meeting on 23rd November 2011, the Group of Parties to the Council
of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism [CETS No. 196] adopted
provisionally the Rules of Procedure of the Group of Parties to the Convention
CETS No. 196. Final adoption of these Rules by silent procedure has been
finalised on 2 January 2012.
On 20 December 2011, a Chamber judgment (not final) has been delivered
in the case Finogenov and others v. Russia (applications no. 18299/03 and
27311/03). In this judgment, the European Court of Human Rights held, unanimously,
that there had been:
• No violation of Article 2 (right to life) of
the European Convention on Human Rights concerning the decision to resolve
the hostage crisis by force and use gas;
• Violation of Article 2 of
the Convention concerning the inadequate planning and implementation of
the rescue operation;
• Violation of Article 2 concerning the ineffectiveness
of the investigation into the allegations of the authorities’ negligence
in planning and carrying out the rescue operation as well as the lack of
medical assistance to hostages.
The case concerned the siege in
October 2002 of the “Dubrovka” theatre in Moscow by Chechen separatists
and the decision to overcome the terrorists and liberate the hostages using
On 7 December 2011 the Secretary General of the Council of Europe
nominated Mr Ivan Koedjikov as Counter-Terrorism Co-ordinator of the Council
of Europe. In this capacity, Mr Koedjikov will be tasked with the co-ordination
- both within the Organisation and at national and international level -
of activities relevant to addressing conditions conducive to the spread
of terrorism, as well as prevention and suppression of terrorism.
On 24 and 25 November 2011, the Council of Europe Committee of Experts
on Terrorism (CODEXTER) held its 21st meeting in Strasbourg. The CODEXTER
considered, inter alia, the implementation of the Council of Europe Conventions
against Terrorism and welcomed in particular that since its last meeting
the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism [CETS No.
196] entered into force for Hungary and Germany, respectively on 1st July
2011 and 1st October 2011. On the basis of contributions by delegations,
the Committee exchanged views on national coordinating bodies in the field
of the fight against terrorism. Moreover, the CODEXTER considered the updated
Country Profiles on counter-terrorism capacity as submitted by Croatia,
Germany and Serbia and authorised their publication in the CODEXTER database.
The Committee also welcomed the publication - by the Council of Europe Counter-Terrorism
Task Force - of the proceedings of the Council of Europe Conference “Prevention
of Terrorism: Prevention Tools, Legal Instruments and their Implementation”
(Istanbul, Turkey, 16-17 December 2010) and Conference on “Victims of Terrorism”,
co-organized by the Spanish authorities, the Council of Europe and the Organization
of American States (San Sebastian, Spain, 16-17 June 2011).
On 23 November 2011, the Second meeting of the Group of Parties of
the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism [CETS No.
196] was held in Strasbourg. The Group of Parties examined and adopted provisionally
the draft Rules of Procedure of the Group of Parties to the Council of Europe
Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism [CETS No. 196].
On 25 and 26 October 2011, an International Conference on “Bringing
Terrorists to Justice” took place in Kyiv, Ukraine. This event has been
organised in cooperation with the Security Service of Ukraine and within
the framework of the Ukrainian Chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers
of the Council of Europe.
On 22 and 23 September 2011 the Committee of Legal Advisers on Public
International Law (CAHDI) held its 42nd meeting in Strasbourg. Issues concerning
human rights and terrroism were discussed at the meeting. The Committee
examined inter alia the issue of “National implementation measures of UN
sanctions and respect for human rights” and in this regard, held an exchange
of views with Mr Stephen Mathias, Assistant Secretary-General for Legal
Affairs of the United Nations. Information about work undertaken by the
Council of Europe and other international bodies in the domain of fight
against terrorism was also presented by a representative of the United Nations
Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED).
For further information please refer to: http://www.coe.int/t/dlapil/cahdi/
On 16 and 17 June 2011, the International Conference on “Victims
of Terrorism” took place in San Sebastian, Spain. This Conference was organised
by the Council of Europe, OAS/CICTE and the Government of Spain, in cooperation
with Basque Autonomous Community.
On 14 and 15 June 2011, the Council of Europe Committee of Experts
on Terrorism (CODEXTER) held its 20th meeting in San Sebastian, Spain. The
CODEXTER took note of the information by States on the signatures and ratifications
of the Council of Europe counter-terrorism treaties and welcomed particularly
the ratification by Germany on 10 June 2011 of the Council of Europe Convention
on the Prevention of Terrorism [CETS No. 196]. Furthermore delegations held
an exchange of views on the Factsheet regarding the European Convention
on the Suppression of Terrorism [CETS No. 90] and its correlation with the
latest United Nations treaties. Concerning the follow-up to the Synoptic
and Analytical Report on the Questionnaire on “False Identity Information
as a Challenge to Immigration Authorities”, the CODEXTER took note of the
opinion on this report presented by the European Committee on Legal Co-operation
(CDCJ), which has carried out important work on such relevant issues as
data protection and nationality issues and the denial of residence in the
context of the fight against terrorism. Moreover, the CODEXTER considered
the updated Country Profiles on counter-terrorism capacity as submitted
by Cyprus, Hungary and Ukraine, and authorised their publication in the
On 13 June 2011, the First meeting of the Group of Parties of the
Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism [CETS No. 196]
was held in San Sebastian, Spain. Parties to the Convention held its first
meeting of the newly established monitoring mechanism which will play a
very important role in the process of the implementation of the Council
of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism.
On 19-21 April 2011, a Special meeting of the United Nations Security
Council Counter-Terrorism Committee with international, regional and subregional
organizations was held in Strasbourg. International, regional and subregional
organizations joined members of the Security Council Counter Terrorism Committee
and the Council of Europe in discussing preventive policies and measures.
Identification of good practices and expert exchange of information formed
the basis of the discussions and particular attention was paid to the implementation
of the preventative aspects of the United Nations Security Council Resolutions
1373 (2001), 1624 (2005) and 1963 (2010) and to the United Nations Global
Counter-Terrorism Strategy. Aimed at speeding up international efforts to
fight terrorism, the three-day meeting focused on prevention policies, comprehensive
and integrated strategies, and the role of law enforcement and the criminal
justice system in preventing terrorism. Group discussions on prevention
policies concentrated on radicalization and incitement, terrorist recruitment
and the role of public-private partnerships, the discussions on strategies
focused on national frameworks and inter-agency coordination, communication
and international cooperation. Participants also examined the role of law
enforcement and the criminal justice system. Topics on the agenda included
identification, analysis and information-sharing; criminalization and prosecution
of offences related to terrorism; and safeguards in criminal proceedings.
On 23 March 2011, the European Court of Human Rights was holding
a Grand Chamber hearing in the case of Nada v. Switzerland (Application
no. 10593/08) concerning measures taken according to UN Resolutions against
a person accused of ties with al-Qaeda and the Taliban. For more information
please refer to press release on the Court’s Internet site www.echr.coe.int
On 17 and 18 March 2011, the Committee of Legal Advisers on Public
International Law (CAHDI) held its 41st meeting in Strasbourg. The Committee
examined inter alia the issue of “National implementation measures of UN
sanctions and respect for human rights” and in this regard, held an exchange
of views with Ms Kimberley Prost, Ombudsperson at the UN Security Council
Committee created by resolution 1267 (1999) concerning Al-Qaida and the
Taliban. For more information refer to: http://www.coe.int/t/dlapil/cahdi/
In March 2011, the European Court of Human Rights ruled on a number
of cases involving inter alia the evidence obtained by covert police operations,
the composition of the Court before which a person suspected of belonging
to the illegal organisation was tried, the efficiency of investigation and
its length, as well as the conviction on the testimony of witnesses whom
the suspect had not been allowed to question. Moreover, a factsheet on new
technologies is available on the website of the Court, at: www.echr.coe.int
In January 2011, the European Court of Human Rights delivered a number
of relevant judgments, including those on the issues of the length of the
criminal proceedings and the absence of a lawyer during a police custody
(Çahit Aydin v. Turkey) and the right to a fair trial and non disclosure
of material evidence to the defence on public interest grounds (McKeown
v. United Kingdom (no. 6684/05).
On 17 December 2009, addressing the
Counter-Terrorism Committee’s meeting in New-York, Mr Manuel Lezertua,
CoE’s Jurisconsult and Director of Legal Advice and Public International
Law emphasised the key role that regional organisations, such as the Council
of Europe, have to play in implementing the UN tools against terrorism.
It also explored areas for future cooperation between the CoE and the UN
relevant bodies involved in counter-terrorism related issues. The
intervention of Mr Lezertua has been followed by a lively debate with
the participation of all delegations. In the course of this debate the possibility
of joint activities was also suggested.
High level seminar on the protection of
Human Rights within the Framework of the Fight against Terrorism
On October 8th and 9h 2009, the Counter-terrorism
Task-Force of the Council of Europe and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs
of Spain organised in Málaga, with the support of the University of Málaga
and of the Foundation Valsaín, a high level seminar on the protection of
Human Rights within the Framework of the Fight against Terrorism.
The seminar was opened by Mr. Cándido Conde
Pumpido, Public Prosecutor of Spain, Mr. Francisco de la Torre Prados, Mayor
of Málaga, Mr. Alvaro Gil-Robles, first Commissioner for Human Rights of
the Council of Europe, Ambassador Juan Manuel of Barandica y Luxán, Ambas/sador
of Spain for Strategic Affairs, Ambassador Fernando Perpiñá, Secretary of
the Club of Madrid and Mrs. Adelaida de la Calle Martín, Rector of the University
The participants - coming from diplomatic,
ministerial, judicial and academic circles and also from civil society -
discussed consecutively the integration of Human Rights in national counter-terrorism
policies, the tools available for this purpose at national and international
level and legal challenges faced by States in this field
Participation in Eminent Jurists Panel on Terrorism,
Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights
[29/04/09] On 28 April 2009, the Council of Europe hosted a lunchtime briefing
on “Assessing Damage, Urging Action: The way forward for counter-terrorism
in Europe. Eminent Jurists Panel on Terrorism, Counter-Terrorism and Human
Rights”. This event, organised by the International Commission of Jurists
(ICJ) and sponsored by Dick Marty, Chairperson of the Sub-Committee on Crime
Problems and the Fight against Terrorism, highlighted some of the key findings
of the Eminent Jurists Panel report; one of the most comprehensive inquiries
into the impact of counter-terrorism measures on human rights. The briefing
was attended by Dick Marty and Gerald Staberock, Director of the Global
Security and Rule of Law Initiative (ICJ), and moderated by the Council
of Europe Anti-Terrorism Co-ordinator, Mr Alexandre Guessel.
The Council of Europe participated in the 6th Worldwide Security
Conference organised by the EastWest Institute (EWI) and co-sponsored
by the World Customs Organization (host) and Italy in its role of Chair
of the G8. The Conference brought together experts from all over the world
with the aim to establish relations between governments, businesses, civil
society and mass media representatives in order to consider joint action
to combat terrorism. The Conference took place on 18-19 February 2009 in
Brussels, Belgium, at the World Customs Organization headquarters.
[20/02/09] Le Conseil de l’Europe a participé à la 6e Conférence
sur la Sécurité Internationale
(Worldwide Security Conference)
organisée par l’EastWest Institute (EWI) et co-sponsorisée par l’Organisation
Mondiale des Douanes (hôte) et l’Italie en tant que Président du G8. La
Conférence a rassemblé des experts venant des quatre coins du monde afin
d’établir des liens entre les gouvernements, les entreprises, la société
civile et les médias dans le but de prévoir une action commune pour contrer
le terrorisme. Elle a eulieu les 18 et 19 février 2009 à Bruxelles, Belgique,
au sein du siège de l’Organisation Mondiale des Douanes.
Ordre du jour
Joint CoE/OSCE/UNODC Workshop on Enhancing International
Legal Co-operation related to Terrorism
[29/01/09] On 28-29 January 2009, the Council of Europe, the UNODC and
the OSCE organized a Workshop on Enhancing International Legal Co-operation
related to Terrorism, including the Drafting of Requests for Extradition
and Mutual Legal Assistance in Neum (Bosnia and Herzegovina). The workshop
focussed on the analysis of legal and technical instruments to enforce the
international co-operation on mutual legal assistance and extradition in
terrorism-related criminal cases.
Council of Europe firmly committed to improving protection for victims of terrorism
[09/09/08] The Council of Europe addressed the UN Symposium on Supporting Victims of Terrorism (New York, 9 September 2008) to underline that one of the Organisation's priorities in its action against terrorism is its commitment to the needs of victims of terrorist acts and their families. The Council of Europe stressed that constant improvements were needed to the forms of assistance available to victims and that the development of new, innovative approaches was therefore imperative.
UN report on Supporting Victims of Terrorism
Council of Europe addressed the UN General Assembly
Addressing the UN General Assembly's meeting to review the 2006 Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, Manuel Lezertua, CoE Director of Legal Advice and Public International Law emphasised the key role that regional organisations, such as the Council of Europe, have to play in the implementation of the Strategy. Recalling the Council of Europe's three-pronged approach to terrorism (strengthening legal action; safeguarding fundamental values; and addressing the causes of terrorism), he informed the Assembly that the Council of Europe had adopted a road map to ensure that all of the Organisation's relevant bodies took ownership of the Strategy. The Secretary General of the Council of Europe, the Right Honorable Terry Davis, follows very closely the implementation of this road map. Mr Lezertua also underlined that it was important for states to ensure the implementation of existing measures at the same time as developing new measures against the scourge of terrorism.
Council of Europe, OSCE and UN discuss terrorism prevention
in the context of intercultural dialogue
[11.07.08] On the occasion of the annual High-level Tripartite meeting on
7 July 2008, the Council of Europe, the Organisation for Security and Co-operation
in Europe, the United Nations and partner organisations discussed different
aspects of intercultural dialogue and their collaboration in this area.
In the Joint Communiqué adopted at the end of the meeting, the participating
organisations stressed the role of international instruments to combat terrorism
and called upon states to encourage inter-religious and cross-cultural dialogue
with a view to reducing tensions and, in this manner, help to prevent terrorist
offences. They underlined the continuing need to address the conditions
conducive to radicalisation and the spread of terrorism, while seeking to
intercept and prosecute terrorists and counter terrorist networks.
CoE organised a Counter-Terrorism Training Workshop in
[26/05/08] At the invitation
of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK),
the Council of Europe organised a Counter-Terrorism Training Workshop in
co-operation with the UNMIK/Kosovo Special Prosecutor’s Office (KSPO) which
took place in Pristina on 3 and 4 June 2008. The aim of this two-day event
was to provide training on the international legal framework for co-operation
on counter-terrorism issues, with an emphasis on questions of mutual legal
assistance and extradition, as well as existing technical assistance tools
for facilitating such international co-operation. Moreover, participants
examined key issues regarding the protection of human rights while fighting
Council of Europe convention against terrorist financing
enters into force
the money trail is one of the most important ways of fighting terrorism
and organised crime. Quick access to information on assets held by criminal
organisations, including terrorist groups, is vital to successful prevention
and prosecution of terrorism”, said Terry Davis, Secretary General of the
Council of Europe.
Workshop on Enhancing International Legal Co-operation
related to Terrorism, including the Drafting of Requests for Extradition
and Mutual Legal Assistance
The Council of Europe, the UNODC and OSCE organised a Workshop on Enhancing
International Legal Co-operation related to Terrorism, including the Drafting
of Requests for Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance on 1-2 April 2008
in Ankara (Turkey).
The aim of this two-day national workshop was to
provide training on the international legal framework for co-operation on
mutual legal assistance and extradition in terrorism-related criminal cases,
and on existing technical assistance tools for facilitating such international
co-operation in criminal matters.
First International Conference on Radicalisation and
Political Violence, London, 17-18 January 2008
[17.1.08] Terry Davis, Council of Europe Secretary General, delivered a
speech at the first International
Conference on Radicalisation and Political Violence held in London,
17-18 January 2008.
"A really effective fight against terrorism
is one which respects and protects human rights and fundamental freedoms
rather than sacrificing them in the short-sighted hope that terrorism can
be defeated by undermining the very foundations of the society which the
extremists are set to destroy." said the Secretary General.
Council of Europe joins OSCE to discuss protection of
victims of terrorist acts
Meeting on Victims of Terrorism followed an initiative of the Spanish Chairmanship
of the OSCE and was organised by ODIHR in Vienna, 13-14 September 2007.
Combating racial discrimination in the fight against
On 29 June 2007, the European
Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) adopted General Policy
Recommendation N° 11 on combating racism and racial discrimination in policing.
The Recommendation results from ECRI's concerns that cases of racism
and racial discrimination in policing, including racial profiling, have
intensified and taken on a new dimension, particularly as a result of the
fight against terrorist crime.
Second parliamentary report on secret detentions
On 27 June 2007, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe backed
the second report on Secret detentions
and illegal transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states
prepared by Senator Dick Marty.
In its Recommendation
1801 (2007) adopted after the report, the Assembly called upon European
governments to look into the need for democratic oversight of military intelligence
services and foreign intelligence services operating on their territory.
See also the
Intelligence and Accountability
On 2 June 2007, the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice
Commission) adopted a
Report on the Democratic oversight of the security services. Acknowledging
that intelligence is an inescapable necessity for modern governments and
that security services, by their very nature, impinge on individual rights,
the report examines the need for limits to their activities, ways to make
security services accountable and complaints mechanisms for individuals
adversely affected by security or intelligence services.
European Union supports the Council of Europe Convention
on the Prevention of Terrorism
the occasion of the entry into force of the Council of Europe Convention
on the Prevention of Terrorism on 1 June 2007, the EU Presidency issued
statement endorsing the Convention.
Human Rights Commissioner voices concern over methods
of terrorist profiling
29.05.2007 - In an
opinion article available copyright-free, the Council of Europe's
Commissioner for Human Rights voices concern that new forms of terrorist
profiling have led to unacceptable discrimination against Muslims and people
who appear to be of Middle-Eastern origin. Thomas Hammarberg argues that
European governments should rather encourage community policing and draw
up long-term measures with a view to preventing the causes of terrorism.
Council of Europe and the European Union sign an agreement
to foster mutual co-operation against terrorism
Gunter Gloser, German Minister of State for Europe and Benita Ferrero-Waldner,
the Commissioner for External Relations, on behalf of the European Union
and Council of Europe Secretary General Terry Davis, signed a Memorandum
of Understanding on May 23 in Strasbourg. The agreement creates an institutional
framework to reinforce partnership in areas of common interest including
the fight against terrorism. (more…)
The Council of Europe organised a series of
Anti-Terrorism and Human Rights Training Seminars for Turkish law-enforcement
authorities, in Ankara between March and November 2007. The seminars were
addressed to governors, officials and police officers. They dealt with ECHR
standards with a special focus on the different mechanisms for supervising
law enforcement bodies, the fight against terrorism and the exercise of
fundamental freedoms. (more).
European Prosecutors discuss terrorism
The Council of Europe organised a European Conference of Prosecutors in
Warsaw on 4 and 5 June 2007 on the subject of "International Co-Operation
in the Criminal Justice Field". Prosecutors from the Council of Europe's
47 member states discussed ways of intensifying co-operation between prosecution
services in the criminal justice field, to target more effectively serious
crime, including terrorism.
Advancing the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism
The United Nations Office
on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has published the
proceedings of the Symposium on “Advancing the United Nations Global
Counter-Terrorism Strategy”, which took place in Vienna on 17 and 18 May
2007. The Council of Europe, an active supporter of the Strategy, took part
in the Symposium to contribute its experience and legal expertise.
Council of Europe and OSCE encourage all levels of society
to prevent terrorism
of Europe contributed its vision and experience as a pan-European organisation
in the Political Public-Private Partnership Conference on “Partnership of
State Authorities, Civil Society and the Business Community in Combating
Terrorism” organised by the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in
Europe (OSCE) in Vienna on 31 May–1 June 2007.
Contribution of the Council
Ad hoc meeting of the Chairs of relevant committees of the Council of
Europe on terrorism, Strasbourg, 25 April 2007
The meeting, convened at the initiative of the Secretary General, brought together the Chairs and Vice-Chairs of some 15 steering and ad hoc committees and of two monitoring bodies (the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) and the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)), all directly subordinated to the Committee of Ministers. Mr Bruno Gain, as Chair of the Rapporteur Group on Legal Cooperation (GR-J), Mr Dick Marty, as representative of the Parliamentary Assembly, and Mr Manuel Lezertua, as representative of the Office of the Human Rights Commissioner, also attended the event. It resulted in the adoption of a "road map". The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe took note of this document at its meeting on 20 June 2007 and decided to transmit it to relevant intergovernmental committees and monitoring bodies.
Russian Federation: Council of Europe organised a Counter-Terrorism
Workshop for public prosecutors in Moscow, 1-2 March 2007.
Co-organised by the Council of Europe and the General Prosecutor’s Office
of the Russian Federation, the workshop focused on international co-operation
against terrorism in the light of the legal framework for the prevention
and suppression of terrorism.
Annual High-level meeting between the Council of Europe, the OSCE and the
UN to discuss the implementation of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy
took place in Vienna on 13-14 February 2007
Council of Europe and Interpol step up co-operation
On 17 January 2007, the Council of Europe adopted Recommendation Rec (2007)
1 to member states regarding co-operation against terrorism between the
Council of Europe and its member states, and the International Criminal
Police Organization (ICPO - Interpol).