European Code of Social Security

  The Department
Social Charter
Social Security


Standards setting
Coordination of national legislations


Mutual Information System on Social Protection (MISSCEO)
Publications on social security

Publications on social security

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Sustaining European social security systems in a globalised economy (2012)

In addition to long-term demographic trends, European social security systems face new challenges as a result of increased global competition and an international banking system focused on short-term financial gain. This report therefore explores new ways for European policy makers and institutions to make social security systems more sustainable. It investigates ways to achieve short and long-term financial viability. It also identifies key mechanisms that work to achieve social cohesion, such as greater emphasis on social rights and social dialogue. It then examines the main policy issues in sustaining major individual social security programmes, such as health care, social assistance and family benefits, pensions, unemployment and work incapacity benefits, as well as long-term care.

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Anti-crisis measures - Safeguarding jobs and social security in Europe (2011)

The present publication describes and analyses the measures taken or under consideration by European countries to mitigate the impact of the current financial crisis on the most vulnerable population groups and on the financing of social security systems.

In the first part, it provides facts and figures regarding the consequences of the crisis on European labour markets and on social security schemes. The second part sums up and classifies anti-crisis measures into three broad categories: social security policies, employment policies and public sector policies.

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Guide to the concept of suitable employment in the context of unemployment benefit (2010

The involuntary nature of unemployment and the unemployed person's availability for work are basic conditions for the award of unemployment insurance benefits. This is why the unemployed are obliged to accept offers of suitable employment and face penalties if they fail to comply with this requirement.

What criteria must employment meet in order to be considered suitable? What kind of employment can workers be required to accept on pain of losing their entitlement to unemployment benefit? Information collected from 31 Council of Europe member states in reply to these questions is set out in table form in this guide.

This publication also lays down guidelines to help member states to formulate or revise their policies concerning cases in which job seekers may refuse an offer of employment without incurring penalties. These guidelines are intended to offer practical assistance and reflect current practices in many European states. They do not claim to be exhaustive nor to be applicable in every member state, but they have been deliberately devised in a sufficiently general manner to allow member states to take account of their legislation and their national, social and economic context when incorporating them into their policies and administrative procedures.

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Social security - Protection at the international level and developments in Europe

What international and European legal instruments protect the right to social security? What are the obligations which states have assumed under these instruments? How is their application monitored? What are the trends in national legislation in relation to the standards of the European Code of Social Security and its protocol, the main Council of Europe instruments in the social security field? Is social security considered as a human right and how has the case law of the European Court of Human Rights developed in this area?

These are some of the key issues addressed in this publication, where the code and its protocol are viewed against the background of other standard-setting instruments, developments at national level and human rights.

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Social security - Protection at the international level and developments in Europe
There is no mention in the European Convention on Human Rights of rights in the field of social security. Nevertheless, the Convention does protect certain of these rights which come into its area of application and this study sets out to explain how.
It also examines recent developments in the relevant case-law of the European Court of Human Rights which, as well as affording procedural
guarantees, has widened and strengthened the material protection of specific rights.
In addition, examples are given of measures taken in the member states following judgments of the Court in cases concerning social security.
This sort of judgment is becoming more common, giving the Convention an ever-expanding social aspect which has an important impact at national level.


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European Code of Social Security - Short Guide


This publication prepared by Jason Nickless is meant to inform about the contents and meaning of the social security standards of the Council of Europe, to explain the ideas behind them and to situate them in the context of the different approaches to social security.

This short guide aims to provide a comprehensive concise and accurate information on the European Code of Social Security, the Protocol to the European Code of Social Security and the European Code of Social Security (Revised), which are the basic standard-setting instruments of the Council of Europe in the field of social security, as well as to explain the technical and complex provisions in an understandable manner and thus to help promoting these important legal instruments especially in the new member states of the Council of Europe.
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Co-ordination of Social Security in the Council of Europe: Short guide

This short guide aims to provide its readers with a detailed introduction to the social security co-ordination instruments of the Council of Europe. It describes the basic philosophies behind social security co-ordination; why it is needed and how it may be achieved. It deals also with social security co-ordination in practice by looking at the range of legal instruments available and briefly introducing some of the agreements that are currently in force in Europe. The following Council of Europe provisions on social security co-ordination are reviewed in this guide:
-The European Convention on Social and medical Assistance
-The European Convention on Social Security
-The Model Provisions for a bilateral Social Security Agreement
-The European Social Charter.
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Model provisions for a bilateral social security agreement and explanatory report

The aim of this book is to assist states (in particular, Central and Eastern European countries having joined the Council of Europe recently) with the drawing up of bilateral agreements on social security. The model provisions incorporate the basic principles of co-ordination: equal treatment, determination of applicable legislation, retention of acquired rights and of rights in course of acquisition and provision of benefits abroad.

The book is divided into four parts - general provisions, applicable legislation, special provisions concerning the various categories of benefits and miscellaneous provisions -and followed by an explanatory report, which aims to make suggested provisions easier to understand.
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Social security: a factor of social cohesion - Proceedings, Limassol, May 2004

Social security is an important tool to reduce poverty and to promote social and economic development. It is also a necessary complement to globalisation and structural adjustment policies.
This publication contains the proceedings of the Mediterrannean Conference "social security: a factor of social cohesion" which took place in Limassol on 27 and 28 May 2004.
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Social security and related issues - English French glossary

This glossary will be a privileged tool of translators, experts and all those working in the field of social issues. About 15 000 primary entries and a total of 28 500 terms contribute to make this glossary a comprehensive compilation in the field of social security.
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