How do the six thinking hats work?

Each of the Six Thinking Hats represents a different direction of thinking. 

White Hat Thinking

Data, facts, information known or needed. Any plan of using the AIE depends on the quality of your information.

Black Hat Thinking

Difficulties,  disadvantages, concerns. There might be obstacles on the way to introducing the AIE.

Red Hat Thinking

Feelings, hunches, gut instinct, emotions, intuition - both positive and negative - are involved in planning for the AIE.  

Green Hat Thinking

Creativity - possibilities, solutions, alternatives, new ideas. Focus here is on finding new ways of doing things. 

Yellow Hat Thinking

Values and benefits. Exploring reasons for optimism is important when working towards intercultural education objectives.

Blue Hat Thinking

Managing the thinking process, summarising and looking forward. Clarity about what has been accomplished makes it easier to achieve the final goals.


  • What data and information do you already have for using the AIE?
  • What potential difficulties do you perceive? Do any aspects of the AIE not fit your purposes?
  • What are your feelings about the AIE? What do you think will be the emotional response of your fellow professionals to it?
  • What kind of educational possibilities can the AIE open?
  • Who will benefit from working with the AIE? How? Why might it work?
  • What is the way forward?


Looking back over the whole course what three points of learning have you found most useful and why?