Simona GRANATA-MENGHINI, born on 22 Jan 1969, in Milano, Italy. Educated in Milano. Graduated in 1992 from the Milano State University, Law Faculty.

Further diplomas in comparative law (1992, 1993, 1994) from the Faculté de Droit Comparé of Strasbourg.

From 1992 to 1994 she practiced as a lawyer at a law-firm specialised in international law in Milano.

She was admitted to the Bar in 1995.

From 1994 to 1997 she worked as a case-lawyer at the European Commission on Human Rights.

From 1997 to 1999 she was Deputy Human Rights Ombudsperson in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

From 1999 to 2000 she was a case-lawyer at the Registry of the European Court of Human Rights.

From 2001 to 2010, she was the Head of the Constitutional Cooperation Division at the Venice Commission.

Since 2010 she is the Deputy Secretary of the Venice Commission.

Since 1 September 2020 she is Secretary of the Commission ad interim.

She is the author of several articles on human rights law and on the Venice Commission; from 2000 to 2010, she published a yearly review of case-law of the European Court of Human Rights in the Legal Review "Italian Yearbook of International Law". She contributed to two volumes on the European Convention on Human Rights in Italian.




Central Electoral Commission

Tigran MUKUCHYAN, Chairperson

Lilia HAKOBYAN, Deputy Head of Legal Department



Federal Ministry of the Interior

Gregor WENDA, Deputy Head of Department of Electoral Affairs

Robert STEIN, Head of Department of Electoral Affairs, Deputy Chair of Federal Electoral Board



Central Election Commission

Mazahir PANAHOV, Chairman

Rovzat GASIMOV, Head of Secretariat



Central Commission on Elections and Holding Republican Referenda

Alena DMUKHAILA, Secretary


Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus

Olgar SERGEEVA, Judge



Central Election Commission

Tania TZANEVA, Member



National Elections Commission

Orock EBANGHA NDIEP, Election Dispute Officer, Legal Affairs Departement



Czech Statistical Office

Eva KRUMPOVA, First Vice President

Pavel CHARVÁT, Cyber Security Manager



Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Interior

Søren STAUNING, Chief advisor



Council of State

Mohamed RASLAN, Judge, Vice President of the Council of State



National Electoral Committee

Meelis EERIK, President

Aivar RAHNO, Member


Prosecution's Office

Dilaila NAHKUR-TAMMIKSAAR, Chief State Prosecutor



Ministry of Justice

Heini HUOTARINEN, Ministerial Adviser


Government of Åland

Casper WREDE, Elections Administrator



Central Election Commission

Tamar ZHVANIA, Chairperson

Tamaz SHARMANASHVILI, Advisor to the Chairperson



Central Election Commission

Zauresh BAIMOLDINA, Member

Gulmira ERNAZAROVA, Assistant and interpreter to Ms Baimoldina



Central Commission for Elections and Referendums

Almaz ASANALIEV, Member


Office of the President

Aisuluu BUKAMBAEVA, Deputy Head of the Legal Unit


Interdistrict Court of Bishkek

Cholpon DOSMAMBETOV, Judge



Central Election Commission

Ritvars EGLĀJS, Secretary



Central Electoral Commission

Laura MATJOŠAITYTĖ, Chairperson

Lina PETRONIENE, Head of Division of Political Parties and Political Campaigns Funding Control



Federal Electoral Tribunal

José Luis VARGAS VALDEZ, Judge

Alberto GUEVARA CASTRO, General Director of External Relations


The National Electoral Institute

Lorenzo CORDOVA, President Councillor


Embassy of Mexico

Jose Manuel CASTANEDA, Councillor



Central Electoral Commission

Cristina ANGHELI, Chief, Analysis and Documentation Department

Alexandr BERLINSCHII, Cheif, Election Management Department



Electoral Council

Petra KINGMA, Senior Legal Advisor

Aat DE JONGE, Member



State Election Commission

Katerina VASILEVSKA, Head of Department for Legal Affairs

Elizabeta POSTOLOVSKA, Member

Amy SMITH, Electoral Management Body



Ministry of Local Government and modernisation

Siri DOLVEN, Deputy Director General

Sissel LIAN, Senior Advisor

Ingvild LYSNE, Advisor

Cathrine SØRLIE, Senior Advisor


Royal Norwegian Embassy in Bratislava

Victoria ENGEBRETSEN, Trainee



(*This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of Council of Europe member States on this issue)

Central Election Commission

Hisham KUHAIL, Chief Electoral Officer



Permanent Electoral Authority

Constantin-Florin MITULETU-BUICA, President

Luiza NEDELCU, Deputy Head

Sorin-Gabriel LAZAR, Adviser to the Vice-President

Ingrid BICU, Director

Roxana TOROSIAN, Deputy Head of the Registration and Archive Direction



National Election Commission

Chanjung KIM, Director of the Legal Affairs Division

Soo Min YOO, Assistant Director of the Legal Interpretation Division

Mun Seok JANG, Deputy Director of the Administration and International Affairs Division

Dongho LEE, Assistant, Legal Affairs Division



Election Authority


Carl SJOBERG, Head of IT and Communication

Annica SUNDEL, Senior Administrative Officer



Federal Chancellery

Beat KUONI, Legal Counsel



Administrative Tribunal

Abdessalem mehdi GRISSIA, First President



Central Electoral Commission


Svitlana CHERNIUK, Head of the Legal Department Unit



Ministry of Interior

Denisa SAKOVÁ, Minister of Interior

Eva CHMELOVÁ, Director

Martin GAJDOŠ, General State Advisor

Peter ZVARA, Director, Organisational Department, Public Administration Section

Zuzana MITTEROVA, Assistant

Pavol KAČIC, General State Advisor

Matej ČAPKOVIČ, Clerk

Viera BECKOVÁ, Clerk

Nikoleta MELIŠKOVÁ, General State Advisor

Danica SAILEROVA, Clerk

Lenka KRÁĽOVÁ, General Sstate Advisor

Alexander TRSTENSKý, Clerk

Lenka ŠURINOVÁ, General State Advisor


Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Miroslav LAJČÁK, Minister of Foreign Affairs

Radoslav KUSENDA


Constitutional Court

Ivetta MACEJKOVÁ, former Chairwoman of the Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic, Member of the Venice Commission

Jan STIAVNICKY, Legal adviser


Supreme Court

Peter MELICHER, Chairman of the Senate


State Commission for Elections and the Oversight over the Funding of Political Parties

Eduard BÁRÁNY, Chairperson

Michaela RUZICKOVA, Head of the Office

Rastislav KAŠŠÁK, Member

Mojmir MAMOJKA, Member

Karol NAGY, Member


Obcianske Oko

Peter NOVOTNY, Program Director


Srdcom doma o.z

Samuel ZUBO, Leader


International Election Observer

Ingrid HALMO, Consultant




Gianni BUQUICCHIO, President, Italy

Serhii KALCHENKO, Attorney, Associate Partner of Hillmont Partners, Election Expert

Oliver KASK, Judge at the Tallinn Court of Appeal, Member of the Venice Commission and President of the Council for Democratic Elections, Estonia

Rasto KUZEL, General Rapporteur of the Conference, Executive Director at MEMO 98, Slovak Republic

Inna SHYROKOVA, Lawyer fom the European Court of Human Rights

José Luis VARGAS VALDEZ, Justice, Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary, Substitute member, Mexico




Association of European Election Officials (ACEEEO)

János MÉCS, Project manager, Hungary


EEAS - Global 3 Democracy Support and Electoral Observation

Julia RUPPEL, Desk Officer, Germany


Election-Watch.EU -

Armin RABITSCH, Election Expert, Austria


International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES)

Denys KOVRYZHENKO, Senior Legal Adviser, Ukraine

Katherine ELLENA, Senior Global Legal Advisor, United States

Chad VICKERY, Senior Director, Research, Learning Strategy, United States

Ame ZOT, United States


International IDEA

Oliver JOSEPH, Associate Programme Officer, Sweden


International Institute for Monitoring Democracy Development, Parliamentarianism and Suffrage Protection of Citizens of the Interparliamentary Assembly of Member Nations of the Commonwealth of Independent States (IPA CIS Member Nations – IPA CIS IIMDD)

Ekaterina GOLOULINA, Deputy Director of IPA CIS IIMDD


Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of the OSCE (OSCE/ODIHR)

Meaghan FITZGERALD, Deputy Head of Democratization, Poland

Ana RUSU, Senior Election Adviser, Poland


International Organisation of la Francophonie

Zahra KAMIL ALI, programme specialist at the Political Affairs Directorate, Djibouti




Secretariat of the Venice Commission, Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs (DGI)

Thomas MARKERT, Director, Secretary

Pierre GARRONE, Head of the Elections and Political Parties Division

Gaël MARTIN-MICALLEF, Legal Advisor, Elections and Political Parties Division

Michael JANSSEN, Legal Advisor, Elections and Political Parties Division

Victoria LEE, Assistant, Elections and Political Parties Division


Directorate General of Democracy (DGII)

François FRIEDERICH, Head of the Electoral Assistance and Census Division