Twenty-ﬁve years ago, in 1990, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) recognized the vulnerable position of Roma and Sinti with regard to racial and ethnic hatred, xenophobia and discrimination. Since then the OSCE has committed to promote the human rights of Roma and Sinti and their integration into society. These commitments were acknowledged in 2003 by participating States through the adoption of the Action Plan on Improving the Situation of Roma and Sinti within the OSCE Area. Particular consideration was given to education about the experience of Roma and Sinti people during the Holocaust.
The OSCE participating States have pledged to promote the remembrance of and education about this and other genocides. They have also pledged to undertake eﬀective measures to eradicate discrimination against Roma and Sinti and enhance their equality of opportunity.Teaching about and remembering the Roma and Sinti genocide remains a crucial priority. There is still a lack of knowledge about this tragedy. Education lays the basis for promoting tolerance and non-discrimination, thus countering persistent prejudice, hate speech and hate crimes against Roma and Sinti. At the same time, remembrance activities pay respect to the victims and ensure that the genocide of the Roma and Sinti becomes part of the public consciousness. We must ensure that the many sites of persecution and extermination are recognized and remembered.
Since 2008 ODIHR has published a bi-annual report on Holocaust Remembrance Days in the OSCE Region. In the report published in 2012, which analysed responses from 44 participating States, ODIHR also included information about remembrance days dedicated to the commemoration of the Roma and Sinti genocide. At that time, six countries reported that they had special commemoration days and events for the Roma and Sinti genocide under National Socialism. Of these Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine observe 2 August as Roma and Sinti Genocide Remembrance Day.
Several OSCE participating States have started to engage in developing educational materials or commemorating the persecution, including with oﬃcial recognition. In order to establish what practices commemorating and educating about the Roma and Sinti genocide exist in the OSCE space, ODIHR decided to dedicate a full report to this topic.