Diversity and value pluralism are natural parts of the everyday life in the Roma and Traveller community. Therefore, there are also many different views on gender equality. A social change concerning education, occupational restructuring and employment is currently affecting the entire community. 


In their daily life, many Roma and Travellers find themselves under pressure caused by the respect of traditions on the one hand, and new expectations regarding gender role attributions coming from modern society and legitimate aspirations of Roma and Traveller women themselves, on the other hand. Thus, they have to try reconciling the two amid their family, relatives and the wider community.

Both Roma and Traveller women and men increasingly work in occupations in which they have rarely been seen before or in which the Roma and Travellers have traditionally not engaged at all. For example, Roma and Traveller men may work as nurses and traditionally dressed Roma and Traveller women as lorry drivers. That said, there is still a clear gap in terms of access to employment between men and women from these communities, clearly to the detriment of women. However, the stereotypes and prejudice towards Roma and Traveller women and men break down very slowly in the eyes of the rest of the population and not all Roma and Traveller men encourage the empowerment of women and girls in the community. For example, some Roma and Traveller women may face sexist, old-fashioned and set views or even restrictions in career guidance or working life both from the majority population and male community members. People from the majority society have sometimes an out-dated image of gender equality among the Roma and Traveller, or assume they know what it is like and generalise it to apply to all Roma and Traveller women or men. However, family situations vary a lot between very traditional and very modern ones. 

The Roma and Travellers Team contributes to the mainstreaming of Roma and Traveller gender equality issues within the Council of Europe Strategy for Gender Equality 2018-2023, promotes the empowerment of Roma and Traveller women in all spheres, including political life, supports international Roma women’s networks, addresses reproductive rights, domestic violence and early marriages or human trafficking within Roma and Traveller communities and organises every two years an International Roma Women’s Conference on thematic priorities established in co-operation with Roma and Traveller women’s organisations and, where relevant, with the competent authorities of the host country.  

Pledge on political representation of Roma women

This pledge takes into account that electoral quotas are often an effective means of achieving significant, rapid progress, provided that they are correctly designed and consistently implemented. It invites political parties to promote gender equality and the participation of women from minority groups, in particular Roma and Traveller women, in decision-making bodies and in political representation in future European, national, regional and local elections.

CAHROM Thematic reports CAHROM Thematic reports

Women and youth

Host countries in bold