Back Annual report on the implementation of ECHR rulings: Significant progress, but important challenges remain

Annual report on the implementation of ECHR rulings: Significant progress, but important challenges remain

The latest annual report from the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers highlights significant progress on implementing rulings from the European Court of Human Rights in 2023, whilst underlining that several important challenges remain.

According to the report, the Committee of Ministers was able to close 982 cases during the year following steps taken by member states. This included 180 ‘leading’ cases requiring specific, and often wide-ranging, measures to make sure the same human rights violations did not happen again.

Furthermore, many important advances took place – across many different member states – in cases that were still pending at the end of the year.

The total number of cases against member states pending before the Committee on 31 December 2023 was 3,819, of which 1,071 were leading cases(*). This figure remained relatively stable over the course of the year, despite a high number of new cases being transmitted to the Committee by the Court.

The report also highlights greater engagement in the implementation process on the part of both member states and civil society in 2023. A record number of action plans and action reports were submitted by member states, and the number of submissions from civil society organisations and national human rights institutions continued to grow.

However, Russia’s continuing aggression against Ukraine continued to have a major impact on the system, severely affecting Ukraine’s capacity to promptly implement rulings from the Court. Due its determination and close cooperation with the Council of Europe, Ukraine nevertheless managed to close 75 cases in 2023.

In contrast, no progress was reported in any of the cases pending against the Russian Federation, which total a further 2,566 cases and so make up 40% of the Committee’s overall pending caseload. The Committee of Ministers adopted a specific strategy for dealing with those cases in 2023, which notably includes enhanced cooperation with the United Nations and civil society.

Finally, the report sets out the extensive work done to support member states through co-operation, assistance and dialogue last year, including a record number of visits and meetings with national authorities. It also stresses the clear need for member states to further reinforce their domestic capacity for implementing the Court’s rulings, as underlined in the Reykjavik Declaration adopted at the Council of Europe Summit of Heads of State and Government in May 2023.

The report contains country-by-country statistical information on the number of new, pending and closed cases as well as details on significant developments in the implementation process.

 Video on the implementation of ECHR rulings

 Country and thematic factsheets

Website on the Impact of the European Convention on Human Rights


(*) Figures concerning the Russian Federation, which is no longer a member of the Council of Europe, have been separated from those related to member states for the first time in this year’s report.

Committee of Ministers Strasbourg 11 April 2024
  • Diminuer la taille du texte
  • Augmenter la taille du texte
  • Imprimer la page