According to the Convention, developments in agriculture, forestry, industrial and mineral production techniques, in regional planning, town planning, transport, infrastructure, tourism and recreation and, at a more general level, changes in the world economy, have in many cases led to the degradation, standardisation or transformation of landscapes.

The Convention points out that many rural and peri-urban areas in particular have undergone and are continuing to undergo far-reaching changes and deserve great attention both on the part of the authorities and the public.

The Convention therefore provides that each Party shall undertake to integrate landscape to its regional and town planning policies and in its cultural, environmental, agricultural, social and economic policies, as well as in any other policies with possible direct or indirect impact on landscape.

Summary Report on national and regional policies >>

Reference documents

Proceedings of the Council of Europe Meetings of the Workshops for the implementation of the Convention: