Key findings and recommendations
The Literature Review suggests that the following steps should be taken in two complementary directions.
- Develop descriptors to better define competences for Digital Citizenship (DCC);
- Develop a visual model for DCC that illustrates the main forms of values, attitudes skills and knowledge, that digital citizens need to achieve;
- Articulate DCC alongside the Council of Europe’s Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture (CDC);
- Develop digital and non-digital resources for teachers and educators, as for instance, through MOOCs, apps, games, publications, etc.
- Create and launch an awareness-raising campaign to sensitise decision makers and policy makers and promote the relevance of DCE in addressing current challenges faced by young people;
- Organise a conference exploring the recommendations of the report and the good practice results.
The authors of the Multi-Stakeholder Consultation Report put forward seven further recommendations:
- Clearly define digital citizenship and other relevant terms, as well as expectations;
- Map the administrative and legal responsibilities for school leaders, teachers, students and parents;
- Make greater efforts to engage families in digital citizenship initiatives;
- Appoint a Digital Policy Officer in schools;
- Publish lesson plans and illustrate learning opportunities for the most interesting resources;
- Implement solid monitoring mechanisms to detect emerging trends and positive and negative secondary effects;
- Conduct research to better understand the developmental windows for teaching and inculcating values, attitudes, skills and knowledge and critical understanding.