The Literature Review suggests that the following steps should be taken in two complementary directions.


Implementation strategies

  • Develop descriptors to better define competences for Digital Citizenship (DCC);
  • Develop a visual model for DCC that illustrates the main forms of values, attitudes skills and knowledge, that digital citizens need to achieve;
  • Articulate DCC alongside the Council of Europe’s Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture (CDC);
  • Develop digital and non-digital resources for teachers and educators, as for instance, through MOOCs, apps, games, publications, etc.

Awareness strategies

  • Create and launch an awareness-raising campaign to sensitise decision makers and policy makers and promote the relevance of DCE in addressing current challenges faced by young people;
  • Organise a conference exploring the recommendations of the report and the good practice results.

The authors of the Multi-Stakeholder Consultation Report put forward seven further recommendations:

  • Clearly define digital citizenship and other relevant terms, as well as expectations;
  • Map the administrative and legal responsibilities for school leaders, teachers, students and parents;
  • Make greater efforts to engage families in digital citizenship initiatives;
  • Appoint a Digital Policy Officer in schools;
  • Publish lesson plans and illustrate learning opportunities for the most interesting resources;
  • Implement solid monitoring mechanisms to detect emerging trends and positive and negative secondary effects;
  • Conduct research to better understand the developmental windows for teaching and inculcating values, attitudes, skills and knowledge and critical understanding.