In the literature on intercultural education there are a number of theoretical frameworks that define the type of competence needed to successfully engage in intercultural dialogue. The Council of Europe's White Paper on Intercultural Dialogue notes that, while intercultural competence can be acquired spontaneously, it should also be explicitly taught and learned. With this in mind, the Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters (AIE) has been expressly designed to help educators foster the development of intercultural competence in their students. To facilitate this process, intercultural competence is broken down into eleven competences that are grouped into four sub-sets:

  • attitudes
  • knowledge
  • skills
  • action orientation

© Knut Skjærven

Module 4 introduces you to these intercultural competences.

For a detailed discussion of the conceptual framework, you can also read the AIE context, concepts and theories document.


By the end of this module you will have:

  • Gained an overview of the AIE's theoretical framework
  • Familiarised yourself with the eleven individual competences