In Eastern Europe, to the east of Romania and the west of Ukraine, lies 33,851 sq km Moldova.
The country’s western border is formed by the Prut River, which flows into the Danube before its waters empty into the Black Sea.
Landlocked Moldova has no shore on the sea, but its proximity to it affects the climate, which is moderate continental.
From the country’s lowest point of 2 m, along the Dniester River, it rises to the height of 430 m at Dealul Balanesti. The low, rolling hills are interspersed with river valleys and flatter plains covered in grasslands or forest.
The Republic of Moldova acceded to the Bern Convention on 24 May 1994, which entered into force the same year.
Since the country started working on
the setting-up of the Emerald
Network, it has listed more than 20 different habitats
of European importance which need a
specific site preservation, such as the Thermophilous
and Supra-Mediterranean oak woods
and the Continental Steppe.
17 sites in the country
have been officially nominated as
candidate Emerald sites by the
Standing Committee to the Bern
Convention (in December 2012). These
sites would help preserve habitats for the beautiful lady’s-slipper orchid,
Cypripedium calceolus, the
great crested newt, Triturus cristatus, and the huchen
or Danube salmon, Hucho hucho.
The largest permanent freshwater salmon and more than 85 other species of plants and animals
of European importance [(listed in
the Emerald Network Res. 4 (1996) and
Res. 6 (1998)] were identified as
present in the country and should be
protected by the country through the