The Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, also known as the Lanzarote Convention, requires criminalization of all forms of sexual offences against children. The Convention is based on the four Ps: prevention of violence, the protection of child victims, the prosecution of offenders and the participation of children themselves. All 46 Member States of the Council of Europe have signed it and ratified it. The Russian Federation has also signed and ratified the Convention; Tunisia acceded to it and thus became the first non-European State Party.