European Committee of Social Rights
The honouring of commitments entered into under the Charter by the States Parties is subject to the supervision of the European Committee of Social Rights. Its 15 independent, impartial members are elected by the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers for a period of six years, renewable once.
The European Committee of Social Rights monitors compliance with the Charter under two complementary mecanisms: through collective complaints lodged by the social partners and other non-governmental organisations (Collective Complaints Procedure), and through national reports drawn up by Contracting Parties (Reporting System).
Insofar as they refer to binding legal provisions and are adopted by a monitoring body established by the Charter and the relevant protocols, Decisions and Conclusions of the European Committee of Social Rights must be respected by the States concerned; even if they are not directly enforceable in the domestic legal systems, they set out the law and can provide the basis for positive developments in social rights through legislation and case-law at national level.
The complaint International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) v Czech Republic, No. 148/2017, was registered on 20 March 2017. It relates to Article 17 (right of mothers and children to social and economic protection) in the light of the non-discrimination principle contained in the preamble to the...