Prior to the court’s judgment, a system of alternative service had been created in 2004. However, it operated under military control, and with very minimal allowances for conscientious objectors.
After the court’s judgment, the system was thoroughly revised in 2013. It was put under civilian government control, and the authorities ended the prosecution of conscientious objectors who agreed to carry out civilian service. Those who had been imprisoned were released and had their criminal records erased.
At this time, Mr Bayatyan had already been released from prison. His conviction was removed from his criminal record.